COURSE TITLES AND DESCRIPTION

100 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
AEB111Introductory Animal and Environmental Biology4Mandatory
PBB111Introductory Plant Biology I3Mandatory
MCB210Introductory Microbiology2Mandatory
CHM113Organic Chemistry 13Mandatory
MTH112Calculus3Mandatory
PHY109Practical Physics2Mandatory
PHY111Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Properties of Matter3Mandatory
GST111Use of English2Core
GST112Philosophy and logic2Core
TOTAL CREDITS27 
SECOND SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
AEB122Functional Zoology4Mandatory
PBB122Introductory Plant Biology II3Mandatory
CHM122General Chemistry II3Mandatory
CHM124Organic Chemistry II3Mandatory
PHY124Electromagnetism and Modern Physics4Mandatory
GST121Peace Studies and Conflict Resolution2Core
GST122Nigerian People and Culture2Core
GST123History and Philosophy of Science Technology2Core
TOTAL CREDITS23 

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT211Introduction to Environmental Science I2Core
PBB211Introductory Ecology3Mandatory
BCH210Introductory Biochemistry4Mandatory
CHM205Chemistry Practical II0Mandatory
CHM211Organic Chemistry3Mandatory
CHM213Physical Chemistry I2Mandatory
CHM214Environmental Chemistry3Mandatory
CSC211Programming in PASCAL3Mandatory
TOTAL CREDITS20 
SECOND SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT221Introduction to Environmental Science II2Core
EMT222Methods in Environmental Analysis I3Core
PBB224Introductory Genetics3Mandatory
CHM221Inorganic Chemistry3Mandatory
CHM223Physical Chemistry II3Mandatory
CHM228Organic Chemistry II2Mandatory
CHM205Chemistry Practical II2Mandatory
EMT223Introductory Climatology and Biogeography3Elective
EMT224Oceanography2Elective
EMT225Elements of Hydrology2Elective
BCH220Functional Biochemistry I4Elective
TOTAL CREDITS29 

300 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT311Principles of Natural Resources Management2Mandatory
EMT313Methods in Environmental Analysis II2Core
EMT314Environmental Pollution Studies2Core
EMT315Environmental Geosciences I3Mandatory
EMT316Elementary Statistics for Non-Majors3Mandatory
EMT317Remote Sensing and Mapping Techniques3Mandatory
EMT318Introductory Cytology2Mandatory
EMT304Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology0Mandatory
EMT312Metabolism of Nucleic Acids2Elective
EMT310Metals and the Environment2Elective
EMT319Introductory Biotechnology2Elective
AEB315Introductory Hydrobiology4Elective
PBB316Phycology4Mandatory
TOTAL CREDITS31 
SECOND SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT321Soil Chemistry and Soil Microbiology3Mandatory
EMT322Environment, Ecosystem and Man2Core
EMT323Hazardous Substance Management2Core
EMT324Environmental Impact Assessment3Core
EMT325Air Analysis1Core
CED300Entrepreneurship3Mandatory
EMT327Energy and Environment1Mandatory
EMT329Introductory Toxicology2Mandatory
EMT326Environmental Aspects of Pesticides & other Toxicants Usage3Core
EMT328Landscape Studies and Planning3Elective
FOW325Forest Aerial and Ground Survey2Elective
EMT304Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology3Mandatory
FOW326Wildlife Ecology and Management2Elective
TOTAL CREDITS30 

400 LEVEL (ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OPTION)

FIRST SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT411Environmental Monitoring System and Techniques3Core
EMT413Environmental Aspect of Farming System3Core
EMT415Environmental Education and Awareness2Core
EMT416Soil and Water Analysis2Core
EMT417The Human Environment2Core
EMT418Environmental Auditing2Core
EMT410Rural and Urban Regional Planning2Core
MCB412Environmental Microbiology4Mandatory
EMT401Scientific Writing and Presentation in Environmental Science2Elective
EMT402Geographic Information System (GIS)2Elective
EMT403Integrated Resources Management3Elective
*PBB423Limnology3Mandatory
TOTAL CREDITS30 
SECOND SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT499Industrial Attachment6Core
TOTAL CREDITS6 

400 LEVEL (ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY OPTION)

FIRST SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT411Environmental Monitoring Systems and Techniques3Core
EMT412Mutagens in the Environment2Mandatory
EMT413Environmental Aspect of Farming System3Core
EMT414Principles of Toxicology I3Core
EMT415Environmental Education and Awareness2Core
EMT416Soil and Water Analysis2Core
EMT419Experimental Pesticide Chemistry and Residue Analysis1Core
MCB412Environmental Microbiology4Elective
EMT401Scientific Writing and Presentation in Environmental Science2Elective
EMT402Geographic Information System (GIS)2Elective
*PBB423Limnology3Mandatory
TOTAL CREDITS27 
SECOND SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT499Industrial Attachment6Core
TOTAL CREDITS6 

500 LEVEL (ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OPTION)

FIRST SEMESTER  
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT511Environmental Law2Core
EMT512Ecological Disasters and Control3Mandatory
EMT513Environmental Biotechnology2Core
EMT514Environment and Poverty3Core
EMT515Environment, Health and Safety Management3Core
EMT509Seminar2Core
EMT501Principles of Soil and Water Conservation2Elective
EMT502Water Quality Assessment3Elective
FOW518Forestry and Wildlife Policy, Law and Administration2Elective
TOTAL CREDITS22 
SECOND SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT521Waste Management3Core
EMT522Human Settlement and Development3Core
EMT523Conservation of Biodiversity3Core
EMT524Petroleum and Environment2Core
EMT528Tourism and Recreation3Elective
EMT529Environment and Community Health3Mandatory
EMT599Project6Core
TOTAL CREDITS23 

500 LEVEL (ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY OPTION)

FIRST SEMESTER
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT511Environmental Law2Core
EMT513Environmental Biotechnology2Core
EMT516Principles of Toxicology II2Core
EMT517Principles of Analysis of Toxicants3Core
EMT518Structural Elucidation of Organic Pollutants3Mandatory
EMT519Radionuclides in the Environment2Mandatory
EMT509Seminar2Core
EMT501Principles of Soil and Water Conservation2Elective
EMT512Ecological Disasters and Control3Mandatory
EMT515Environment, Health and Safety Management3Mandatory
TOTAL CREDITS24 
SECOND SEMESTER  
Course CodeCourse TitleCreditCourse Status
EMT521Waste Management3Core
EMT524Petroleum and Environment2Core
EMT525Miscellaneous Techniques in Environmental Analysis2Core
EMT526Separation Techniques in Environmental Analysis2Core
EMT527Methods in Environmental Analysis III2Core
EMT522Human Settlement and Development3Elective
EMT523Conservation of Biodiversity3Elective
EMT528Tourism and Recreation3Elective
EMT529Environment and Community Health3Mandatory
EMT599Project6Core
TOTAL CREDITS29 

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

100 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

AEB111:Introductory Animal and Environmental Biology (4 credits)

Man population growth and impact on the biosphere, faunal biodiversity, invertebrate. Protozoa, Coelenterate, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, Mollusca, Annelida, Arthropoda, Echinodermata Vertebrate: Cephalochordate, pisces, Amphibia. Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia. Mammalian Anatomy: Anatomy of Rattusratus

PBB111: Introductory Plant Biology I (3 credits)

Diversity of living organism and habits, life form, mode of nutrition, size, shape etc. common features of organisms. Need of arranging them into classifications concept of five kingdoms and their characteristics and possible evolutionary relationship among major groups organism. A brief survey of bacteria, viruses, PPLO.Life cycle of algae, Bryophytes Pterdophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperm.

CHM111: General Chemistry I (3 credits)

  • Relationship of chemistry to other sciences. Atoms, subatomic particles, isotopes, molecules, Avogadro’s number. Mole concept. Dalton’s theory. Modern concepts of atomic theory. Laws of chemical combination. Relative atomic masses.
  • Introduction to nuclear reactions. Nuclear binding energy, fission and fusion reactions.
  • States of matter: Gases, gas laws. General gas equation. Liquids and solids. Introduction to lattice structure. Isomorphism. Giant molecules.
  • Introduction to the Periodic Table. Hydrogen and hydrides. Chemistry of Groups O,I,H elements. Acid-Base properties of oxides.

CHM113: Organic Chemistry I (3 credits)

A. General introduction.

  • Introduction: Definition of organic chemistry. Functional groups
  • General procedure for isolation and purification of organic compounds.
  • Determination   of structure   of organic compounds. Elemental analysis, percentagecomposition, empirical and molecular formula, structural formula.
  • Isomerism, structural isomerism and stereo-isomerism (Geometrical and optical). Carbon, carbon single, double and triple bonds. Hydrogen bonding, electronegativity, dipole moment polarization, bond energy, inductive and resonance effects.
  • Non-polar Functional Group Chemistry
  • Alkanes:Structure and physical properties. Nomenclature: Common (trivial) names. IUPAC names of classes of compounds.
  •  Substitution reactions including mechanism
  • Alkenes: Structure and physical properties. Reactions, addition of H2, X2, HX, H2O, O3, etc,oxidation polymerization.
  • Alkynes: Structure. Acidity of acetylenic hydrogen. Reactions; addition of H2, X2, H2O, etc. Test of alkynes.
  • Benzene: Structure and aromaticity of Benzene. Introduction to electrophilic substitutionreactions. 

MTH 112: Calculus (3 credits)

Elementary functions of a single real variable and their graphs, limits and the idea of continuity. Graphs of simple functions.Polynomial, rational, trigonometric etc, rate of change, tangent and normal to a curve. Differentiation: as limit of rate of change of elementary functions, product, quotient, function of unction rules. Implicit differentiation, differentiation of trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions and of exponential function.Logarithm and parametric differentiation.Use of binomial expansion for any index. Stationery values functions: maxima, minima and points of inflexion; integration by substation and by parts. Definite intergral: volume of revolution, area of surface of evolution.

PHY109 – Practical Physics (2 credits)

Students are expected to carry put a minimum of 12 major experiments covering the main aspects of the courses taken in the year. Prerequisite: GCE O-Level or WASC

PHY111: Mechanics, Thermal Physics and Properties of Matter (3 credits)

(a) Mechanics: Scalar and Vectors:Addition and resolution of vectors. Rectilinear motion and Newton’s law of motion, inertial mass and gravitational mass; free fall; projectile motion; deflecting forces and circular motion.Momentum and conservation momentum. Work, power energy: units potential energy for a gravitational field and elastic bodies: Kinetic energy conservation of energy in elastic and inelastic collisions.

(b) Thermal Physics and Properties of Matter: Temperature, heat work heat capacities second law, cannot cycle; thermodynamic ideal; gas temperature scale. Thermal conductivity, radiation, black body and energy spectrum, Stefan’s law kinetic model of a gas; Equation for state, concept of diffusion, mean free path, molecular speeds Avogadro’s number, behaviour of real gases. A model for a solid: interparticle force in solids, liquid and gases: physical properties of solids. Crystalline structure; interference patterns and crystals. Model for Matter: surface energy and surface tension. Plastic deformation; Thermal and electrical properties of metals

SECOND SEMESTER

AEB122: Functional Zoology (4 credits)

Embryology: Gametogenesis, fertilization and cleavage as demonstrated by Amphioxus. Genetics: the cell and distribution of genetic material mitosis, meiosis. Inheritance, sex determination and sex linked inheritance. Histology: Cells, tissues, organ formation and main features. Physiology: Functioning of mammalian skin, muscles/ skeleton, alimentary system/ nutritional requirements and deficiencies.

PBB122: Introductory Plant Biology II (3 credits)

The general morphology, anatomy, histology and physiology of flowering plants, seed structure dispersal and germination; development of primary and secondary plant body; water relations: photosynthesis. Translocation and storage organs.Respiration.

CHEM122: General Chemistry II (3 credits)

Acids, Bases and Salts.Quantitative and qualitative analysis.Theory of volumetric analysis-operations and methods. Calculations: Mole, Molarity, Molality, Behaviour of electrolytes. Water, colligative properties, Ostwald’s dilution law, Arhenius, Bronstead-Lowry, Lewis concepts and applications.Buffers.Introduction to reaction rates.Equilibria and equilibrium constant.Solubility products.Common ion effects.Precipitation reactions.

CHEM124: Organic Chemistry II (3 credits)

(a)   Hydroxyl   group-   Alcohols   and phenols.   Classification: acidity-comparison.
Important methods of preparation.Reaction with metals, bases, alkyl halide
Oxidation, dehydration. Tests for alcohols and phenols, importance

(b) Carbonyl   group:   Aldehydes   and   Ketones:   Structure:   Physical properties.
Important methods   of preparation.   Reaction:   Tollens’s   reagent, Periling’s
alcohols, including mechanism, with mechanisms; aldol condensation. Tests for
aldehydes and ketones.Importance.

(c)     Carboxylic group: monocarboxyic acids: Structure. Physical properties.Acidity and resonance. Important methods of preparation from alcohols, aromatic hydrocarbons, through grignard’s reagent reaction will bases. Conversion to esters, amides, halide and anhydrides.Tests for carboxylic acid importance.

PHY124 – Electromagnetism and Modern Physics (4 credits)

  • Electromagnetism Electric field (3 credits): Strength, flux -and the inverse square law; electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model for the electric filed. Energy stored in an electric field, electrical potential due to dipole. Steady   direct   current:   Simple   circuits;   potentials   difference,   resistance,   power, electromotive force, Kirchhoffs: Capacitance, combination of dielectrics, energy store, charging/discharging. Electromagnetic effects: Electromagnetic forces, electric motors, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter, voltmeter, electromagnetic induction, dynamo. Alternating currents: Simple A.C. circuits, transformers, motors and alternating currents. Magnetic field: The field at the centre of a current carrying flat coil, of a current carrying solenoid, outside a long solenoid; flux model and magnetic fields. Electromagnetic induction: Induction in a magnetic field: magnitude and direction of induced e.m.f. energy stored in a magnetic field; self inductance. Electricity and matter: current flow in an electrolyte, Millikan experiment; conduction of electricity at low pressure, cathode rays, photoelectricity.
  • Modern Physics (1 credit): Structure of atom: Atomic theory, X-rays, Planck’s quantum theory: Wave particle natureof matter scattering experiment of Geiger and Matshen, Rutherford atom model, Bohr’satom model.

Structure of nucleus: Composition of nucleus, artificial transmutation of an element,natural transmutation of nucleus particle, emission, isotopes and particles emission,gamma radiation. Prerequisite: GCE O/Level or WASC

200 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

EMT211: Introduction to Environmental Science 1 (2 credits)

Impact of human activity on ecosystems, with specific consideration of land, water, and air pollution, resource utilization and degradation, and waste water.Broad principles and methodology of environmental science. The nature of environmental systems and the methods used to learn more about them are introduced.

PBB211: Introductory Ecology (3 credits)

Themes of ecology: autecology and synecology; historical aspects. Current trends in ecology.Plant community hypotheses. Concepts of ecosystem: food chains, webs, interaction between plants and animals. Ecological groups: hydrophytes, halophytes, xerophytes, epiphytes and mesophytes. The effect of physical environment on plants. Climatic, biotic and topographic factors

BCH210: Introductory Biochemistry (4 credits)

Short history and definition of biochemistry.The living cells; organization and molecular architecturing, types of cells and their characteristics, biomolecules and origin of life.Chemistry of biomolecules – carbohydrates, lipid proteins, nucleotides, polynucleotides; the nature, classification and functions of enzymes.Vitamins and their co-enzyme functions. Measuring techniques in biochemistry – cell, fractioning, chromatography (paper, thin-layer, column, HPLC etc), Calorimetric, spectrophotometry etc, buffers and buffer systems. Elementary enzyme kinetics, introductory bioenergetics, including a brief explanation of the thermodynamic functions and the concept of the energy; calculations on the above mentioned.Metabolism of carbohydrate glycolysis, pentose, phosphate pathways, TCA cycle, glyoxilate cycle, convergence of metabolic pathways.

MCB210: Introductory Microbiology (3 credits)

History of microbiology, Scope of microbiology and types of microorganisms.General characteristics of micro-organisms, growth and reproduction; sterilization, isolation, characterization, and identification of microbes; Tools and techniques used in microbiology.Structure and comparison of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Interaction between microorganisms and their biotic environments, morphological and genetic adaptations of microorganisms to their environments, biological and biochemical reactions of microorganisms. Applied areas of microbiology.

CHM205: Chemistry Practical II (2 credits)

  • Quanlitative analysis for anions and cations. Experiments in kinetics. Surface chemistry and thermochemistry.
  • Separation based on solubility. Tests for functional groups. Use of simple techniques for purification, e.g. steam distillation, fractional distillation. Preparation of simple esters, aldehydes, ketones and amines. Hydrolysis of esters.

CHM211: Organic Chemistry (3 credits)

  • Isomerism and conformation: Stereoisomerism, geometric isomerism: E, Z notation for geometrical isomerism. Optical isomerism due to asymmetric carbon atom. Enantiomorph, diaesteroisimers, mesoforms, racemic form. Measurement of optical activity. Methods of resolution of racemic forms. R.S. specification. Conformation isomerism.
  • Factors affecting structure and properties of organic compounds.
  • Introduction to organic reaction mechanism. Classification of reagents and reactions.nucleophilic reaction at saturated carbon. Substitution and elimination reactions. Mechanism of esterification and hydrolysis.
  • Reactive intermediates: carbenes, nitrenes, sulphenes (preparation and reactions)

CHM213: Physical Chemistry I (2 credits)

  • The state of matter. The equations of states. The molecular mass of gases. The kinetic molecular theory. Mean free path. Molecular diameter of gases. Collision frequency and distribution of molecular velocity. Phase changes liquefaction of gases.
  • Chemical kinetics. Concept of reaction, rate methods of measuring reaction rates. Order and molecularity of reactions. Order of reaction. Detailed derivation and application of the rate expression for first and second orders of reaction. Third order reaction. Experimental methods of determining order of reaction. Factors influencing reaction rate. Activation energy. Arrhenius equation and its applications.
  • Elementary treatment of fast reactions and the theories of reaction rate. Introduction to catalysis (homogeneous & heterogeneous)

Pre-requisite: CHM111 & 122

CHM214: Environmental Chemistry I (3 credits)

Components of the total environment: air, water, land, their natural forms. Causes of environmental impairment.

Air Pollution

  • The atmosphere: the atmospheric gases: pollution from natural sources (volcanoes etc), human activities (burning of fossil fuel, automobile exhaust emissions, etc); the ozone layer, atmospheric particulate matter.
  • Environmental impact of air pollution: Green house effects of air pollutants (NO, SO2, CO, particulate matter, etc)
  • Air quality: Ambient air quality standards. Emission standards. Air quality assessment/pollutant measurements. Control/treatment industry emitted gases.

Water Pollution

  • Sources
  • Water and waste water characteristics and their measurements. WHO standards. Industrial water supply. Introduction to waste water treatment.

Land Pollution and Recycling

  • Solid waste: Effects on solid and water. Solid waste management.
  • Waste treatment for recycling (re-use). Liquid wastes (sewage, industrial effluent) treatment for re-use.
  • Biodegradable organic wastes for composition to serve as organic manure.

CSC211: Structured Programming in PASCAL (3 credits)

Definition of Structured Programming, Declarations, Data types, Programming; operations, built-in functions, strings, pointers, list processing, procedures, multi-tasking. Arithmetic rules and procedures. Structure of PASCAL programmes. Files in PASCAL

Prerequisite: CSC110, 100L Maths

SECOND SEMESTER

EMT221: Introduction to Environmental Science II (2 credits)

Introduction to Environment: Meaning and Types of Environment, New trends in Environmental Science, Man-Environment Interaction; Evolution of Environmental Education: evolution, global concerns for human environment, objectives of environmental education; The Atmosphere: Structure, Functions, Composition and Factors influencing the Composition of the Atmosphere; Lithosphere, Man and Lithosphere; Hydrosphere and Hydrological Cycle; Biosphere, Energy Systems in Biosphere, Ecosystem Concept, Energy flow in Ecosystem, Cycling of matter and Biogeochemical Cycles; Man-Environment Interaction: environmentalism and possibilities; Drought: Concept, Causes, Effects and Control Measures; Acid Rain Pollution; Climate Change and Environmental implications; Floods.

EMT222: Methods in Environmental Analysis I (3 credits)

Review of Fundamental Concepts. Sampling techniques, statistical treatment, analytical data, accuracy, precision, errors, student’s ‘T’ function, rejection of outliers. Gravimetric analysis: Types precipitate/crystal formation, contamination and appropriate handling precipitates/crystals, co-precipitation, precipitation from homogenous solution. Titrimetric analysis: Acid-base redox, complexometric, precipitation non-aqueous titrations, indicators. Colorimetry: Spectrophotometric reagents, elementary visible spectrophotometry: spectrophotometric titrations.

PBB224: Introductory Genetics (3 credits)

Chromosome number and their interpretations. Chromosome mechanism a mitosis and meiosis Genetic and non-genetic variations. Mendelian inheritance.Linkage and crossing over.Mechanisms of sex determination.Sex-linked inheritance.

CHM221: Inorganic Chemistry (3 credits)

  1. Atomic structure and periodic classification of elements. Periodicity of atomic properties: atomic and ionic radii, electronegativity, dissociation and hydration energies.
  2. Theories of valency. Ionic lattices and molecular shapes. Oxo-acids, their structure and properties. Binary compounds. Structural treatment of borides, nitrides, carbides, oxide and halide.
  3. Theory of classical analytic chemistry. Qualitative methods of analysis. Gravimetry – determination of the solid, liquid and volatile content of materials. Theory of precipitation process. Precipitation gravimetry. Volumetric analysis-acid-base titrations. Redox titrations, non-aqueous solvents. Complexometric titrations. Ionic equilibra, acids, buffers. Applications of classical analytic techniques.

Prerequisite: CHM122

CHM223: Physical Chemistry II (3 credits)

  • Fundamental (length, time, etc) and derived (areas, volume, pressure, etc) quantities: SI system of units. Thermodynamic systems, processes (reversible, irreversible) and properties (intensive, extensive)
  • First law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy change, isothermal and adiabatic process for ideal and real gases; heat capacities; applications of first law of thermodynamics.
  • Thermochemistry: heats of reaction, formation combustion, etc. calorimetry. Hess’ law. Enthalpy and its methods of measurements. Thermochemical interpretation of chemical reactions.
  • Second law of thermodynamics: spontaneous process. Entropy. Carrot cycle. Gibb’s free energy. Gibbs-Helmohlthz equation and its applications. Principles and applications of free energy concepts in determining spontaneity of a reaction. Systems in equilibrium.
  • Third law of thermodynamics: tests and uses of third law. Evaluation of total entropy change in a system.

CHM228: Organic Chemistry II (2 credits)

  • Aldol and related reactions, Grignard reactions
  • Mechanism of esterification and hydrolysis
  • Reactive intermediates: carbenes, nitrenes, sulphenes, preparation and reactions
  • Important methods of preparation and reactions of bifunctional compounds viz: dienes, glycols, hydroxyl-, halogeno-, keto- and unsaturated carboxylic acids. Organic syntheses. Importance.

Prerequisite: CHM113 and CHM124

EMT223: Introductory Climatology and Biogeography (3 credits)

Basic definitions and explanations in climatology and biogeography.  Climatological problems and investigation methods – relationship with meteorology, bio-geography and hydrology, climatology data processing methods; basic factors of climate formation, influence of relief on climate and plants.  Geographical distribution of climatic elements, plants and animals, climate and soil.  The concept of adaptation in plants and animals.  Classification of climate and biogeography of the earth.

EMT224: Oceanography (2 credits)

Study of the temperature and chemistry of sea water.Biological activities and their distribution. Salinity, chlorinity, currents, tides, waves, sound and radiation in the sea, conductivity, diffusion, viscosity and dynamics of sea water distribution and behaviour of plankton. Brackish water condition and fauna.Interrelationship and physiological adaptations of marine organisms.

EMT225:  Elements of Hydrology (2 credits)

Definition, scope and application of hydrology.  The concept of hydrological cycle and drainage basin characteristics:  precipitation-forms, types and measurements. Factors affecting interception, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, surface run-off and subsurface flow.  Determination and analysis of infiltration, percolation, permeability aquifers and groundwater movement.

BCH220: Functional Biochemistry I (4 credits)

Metabolism of amino acids and proteins, including the formation of excretory products. Metabolism of lipids, lipoproteins; membranes and membrane structure (elementary introduction). Accessory food factors and trace elements; their importance in nutrition and role in metabolism.Special topics to include photosynthesis, detoxification and excretory mechanisms, biochemistry of the eye, muscle, plant and animal hormones.Unity and diversity in biochemistry.

Prerequisite: BCH210

300 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

EMT311: Principles of Natural Resources Management (2 credits)

Natural resources types and origin, environment, resource and development; rational use of resources and concept of sustainable development.Management of forest grazing, lands, soils, foods, minerals, etc.Community resource development population and pressure on resource utilization, administration and management o natural resource in Nigeria.Resource economics and management.Environmental conservation – Protection, of nature and conservation of species.Conservation of agricultural landscape. Case studies concerned with concepts of balanced approach to natural resources management. Development of planning and management principles, of natural resources and ecosystem subject to increasing development processes.

EMT313: Methods in Environmental Analysis II (2 credits)

Ultraviolet and Visual absorption spectrophotometry: Principles of ultraviolet and visual absorption spectrophotometry. Basic principles of the instrument and techniques.Sample preparation solvents, concentration and dilutions, solid sample, infrared spectrophotometry: Theory, Basic principles of the instrument and techniques sample preparation solutions, liquids and merits, solid and gas qualitative and quantitative application. Photometric titrations: General discussion, Apparatus and techniques used. Flame photometry: principle, instrumentation, advantages of the method, limitations of the method, elimination of interference effects, elements determinable, standards and their preparation, typical determinations. Polarimetry: principle, equipment (a typical automatic recording) polarimeter (should be described), typical determinations, optical rotator dispersion. This course is to be assessed 40% practicals and 60% exam.

EMT314: Environmental Pollution Studies (2 credits)

The environment and its interaction concept of elementary cycles, characteristics of the atmosphere, styles and effects of environmental pollution.Land pollution and methods of waste disposal.Air pollution and its effects on man, plants and materials. Water pollution and treatment of waste waters, Nuclear pollution, Noise pollution and global environmental problems, greenhouse effect, global warming, Ozone layer depletion, nuclear winter, acid rain etc. Visits should be organised to the State Environmental Protection Agency and Land Reclamation Sites.

EMT315: Environmental GeoSciences I (3 credits)

Planetary System, Composition of the Environment, Interaction between various components of the environment, Earth Planetary System, The Earth crusts, matter and minerals, Mineral Composition and Rock Forming Minerals, Rock formation and Rock Types, Weathering Phenomenon and Soil Formation, Weathering Phenomenon and Soil Formation, Environmental Impact of Mineral Development, Geological Environments, Metals Concentrations and Diseases, Environmental Geosciences Mapping Techniques (EGMT) using relevant instruments and equipments.

EMT316: Elementary Statistics for Non-Majors (3 credits)

Fundamental statistics concepts: probability theory and random variables: elementary probability distributions: binomial, poison and normal: regression and correlation analysis, estimation, point estimation, confidence intervals for means and variances; statistical tests and hypotheses in biological and agricultural experimentations: analysis of variance: control chart for within and between batch variabilities: Industrial experimentation, experimental errors, experimental design-fixed and random effects for both completely randomized and randomized blocks, lating and lattice square, factorial and split-plot designs. Some non parametric tests.

EMT317: Remote Sensing and Mapping Techniques (3 credits)

Application of remote sensing and GIS in weather and climatological analysis, water, soils, landforms agriculture, vegetation and land uses, urban analysis. Development of Remote Sensing as a tool in Environmental Studies.Principles and concept of Remote Sensing.Nature and functions of common remote sensors.The use of Remote Sensing data and GIS in evaluating environmental resources and their management, Agro-meteorological and drainage studies.GIS applications and mapping of Agro-meteorological and drainage informations.Basic principles in remote sensing; GIS as a scientific tool in environmental management; Database creation and Database Management Systems (DBMS). Analytical tools: Dbase query; Map algebra; distance operators; context operators. Analytical operations: Data layers and collections, process modelling. Nature of output for analysed environmental data in soft and hard copies. Geo-coding, macro-modelling and computerisation of environmental data. Laboratory GIS and Remote Sensing practicals using environmental data should be emphasised in this course. This course is to be assessed 100% on applied practical exercises using relevant satellite data as well as GIS and Environmental Remote Sensing Labkitsoftwares.

EMT318: Introductory Cytology (2 credits)

The Cell concept.Cell organelles and their functions.The cell cycle.Microscopy. Photomicrography

EMT312: Metabolism of Nucleic Acids (2 credits)

Genome organisation and biosynthesis of proteins.Metabolism of purines and pyrimidines, nucleosides and nucleotides; abnormalities in nucleic acid metabolism-xeroderma pigmentation and skin cancer.

EMT310: Metals and the Environment (2 credits)

Origin of metals.Classification of metals; Utilization of metals in industries.Sources of metal pollution; geological weathering, industrial discharge, metals fabricating aid furnishing, leaching of metals from garbage, agricultural waste products.Effect of metals on the environment sediment, waste, air and food.Adverse effect of heavy metals – poisoning effects of pH Cd. Zn and Hg.Other effects e.g. neurologic and renal effects.Analysis of metals in environmental samples.

EMT319: Introductory Biotechnology (2 credits)

The subject covers basic scientific knowledge and its application in biotechnology. Basic molecular biology & practical applications, some historical examples, contemporary applications of biotechnology will be discussed to provide tools and basic knowledge in order to understand biotechnology. The emerging areas of biotechnology, for example Agricultural Biotechnology, Protein, Forensic Biotechnology, Bioremediation, Aquatic Biotechnology, Regulatory agencies and issues that impact Biotechnology industry will be discussed as well. In addition to that, a provocative and issues in Biotechnology, genetically modified food, genetic testing, embryos for research/human cloning, ethical/legality/social questions & dilemmas will be incorporated.

AEB315: Introductory Hydrobiologv (4 credits)

Syllabus The aquatic environment: Types of freshwater, brackish water and marine. General physical and chemical properties: temperature, currents, waves, tides, pH, DO and salinity of surface waters using Nigerian example. Adaptations to aquatic life as shown by planktonic organisms and benthos.Life in the inter-tidal zone.

PBB316: Phycology (4 credits)

Algal classification, structure, reproduction.Life histories of main groups.Phytoplankton, Physiology and ecology of algae.Evolution and adaptation of algae.Algae diversity (Periphyton, Epiphyton, Epilithic, Episamic and Benthic algae – freshwater, oceanic and estuarine algae).Practicals (use of keys: sampling techniques of phytoplankton, benthic algae and periphyton).

SECOND SEMESTER

EMT321: Soil Chemistry and Microbiology (3 credits)

Introduction to soil chemistry.Historical perspective. Chemical composition of soils, soil colloids: inorganic and organic colloids. Silicate mineral chemistry.Cation and anion exchange phenomena and base saturation. Floculation and dispersion.Soil reaction (active and reserve acidity, alkalinity buffering capacity, soil acidity and liming, lime requirements and management consideration).  Soil organisms, perspective on the biosphere (energy and nutrient cycles).  Classification systems.Distribution in soils, growth requirements and functions of representative groups of microfauna and macrofauna, microflora and macroflora.  Association between microbe and plants, soil organic matter.  Importance of soil organic matter in humid tropical soils, general decomposition process.Humification, organic matter maintenance.  The dynamics of N.P and S pools.

EMT322: Environment, Ecosystem and Man (2 credits)

Population, community, ecosystem, environment and environmental factors.Study of communities and ecosystem, abundance, density, yield, cover, frequency.The ecology of niche, niche, overlap competition coexistence, resource shift. Habitats: The primary terrestrial and aquatic habitats which affect man. Alteration imposed on the habitats by man. Integration of ecology and environment into development planning.Ecological management.Ecodevelopment and integrated development.Environmental planning principles – inter-disciplinary not multidisciplinary, holistic, comprehensive, participative coordinated, integrated and continuous planning.

EMT323: Hazardous Substance Management (2 credits)

The nature, origin and classification of hazardous toxic substances; Characteristics of wastes and hazardous substance,.Identification of hazardous substances.Sources and pathways of hazardous substances.Disposal methods and technology of hazardous substance.Geological environmental factors affecting choice of disposal site; contamination of water bearing strata; soil, plants, food webs arid bioconcentration.Analysis of hazardous and toxic substances.Regulations and law governing the sale, importation, transportation, storage and disposal of hazardous and toxic substances.

EMT324: Environmental Impact Assessment (3 credits)

Concept of Environmental Impact Assessment: Definition, Functions, EIA Decree 86 1992, Objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Process: Sketch, General Principles and Procedure of EIA Legislation; Stakeholders in the EIA Process, Role of an Interdisciplinary EIA Team, Contents of an EIA Document, Challenges of EIA System and Practice in Nigeria. Origin of EIA and the spread throughout the World; Case Studies of EIA Practice.

EMT325: Air Analysis (1 credit)

Sampling and Analysis of Air Pollutants; Ambient Air Sampling guidelines, Ambient Air Sampling and Analysis : SO2, Oxides of Nitrogen, Suspended Particle Matter, Respirable Particulate Matters (PM10, PM2.5, and PM1.0), Ozone, Carbon Monoxide, Non-Methane Hydrocarbon, Volatile Organic Compounds (BTX); Measurement and Analysis of Meteorological Parameters: Ambient Weather Parameters- Wind Speed, Wind Direction, Solar Radiation, Relative Humidity and Temperature.The assessment for this course is 100% fully on practicals.

EMT326: Environmental Aspects of Pesticides and Other Toxicants Usage (3 credits)

Movement and absorption of pesticides in soil.Factors affecting mobility of pesticides and other toxicants in the soil.Soil Herbicide interaction and herbicide efficacy.Famigant action and systematic activity.Pesticide conversion mechanisms in the environment.Enzymic and non-enzymic conversion, degradation of pesticides and other toxicants in soil, water, plants and in animals.Pesticides in food chains.Detection/determination and management of toxic wastes in the environment, sanitary fundamentals of pesticide application, safely measures in storage, dispensing, transportation and use of pesticides; disposal of pesticide containers and wastes ecological and environmental health effects.Environmental criteria standards, regulations on pesticidal hoe. Case studies of global disasters of misuse and abuse of pesticides.

EMT327: Energy and Environment (1 credit)

Energy and power, demand, principles and outlook: The cost of transformation of energy. Thermal pollution, electrical energy from fossil fuels.Hydroelectric power generation.Cost, capacity, storage, reserves, efficiency and environmental effects of these.Electrical energy from nuclear reactors.Prospects for the future through the promise (and problems) of breeder reactors, fusion power, solar power, geothermal, tidal and wind power etc.

EMT328: Landscape Studies and Planning (3 credits)

Concepts in Landscape Planning and Design.Basic Elements of Landscaping.Landscape design goals, processes and Analytical Methods.Climate and other Environmental Factors in Landscape Design.Landscape Evaluation Techniques. Site Selection and site Planning. Principles and Factors for Site selection. The Site Plan: Scale, Circulation, Building Lines, Plot Coverage and Drainage. Landscape Construction Materials and Elements.Typology of Humanized Landscape (Housing).Landscape Design Techniques.Management of Landscape and their Environment.

EMT329: Introductory Toxicology (2credits)

This course involves the basic principles of Toxicology and the application of toxicology to the environment, food, forensic and occupation setting. Biochemical interactions of industrial, agricultural and household chemicals with elements of soil, plants, animals and humans.

EMT304: Microbial Genetics and Molecular Biology (3 credits)

Principles of genetic analysis.Mechanism and nature of mutations and recombination; transformation, conjugation and transduction, plasmid, chromosomal replication and models of genetic transfer.Chemical coding and expression of genetic information.Recombination in bacterial viruses and eukaryotic protest.Genetic engineering.Gene concept.Chromosome structure and behaviour.Gene action and gene mutation.Chromosomal mutations and aberration.Population and human genetics.Building block of DNA and RNA.The Genetic Code.DNA replication.

FOW325: Forest Aerial and Ground Survey (3 credits)

Ground survey instruments. Chain or Tape Surveying: Boundary and topographic survey of selected project areas. Scribing, type preparation and mapping.Preparation of maps from aerial photographs.Levelling surveying using levelling instruments; Types of aerial photos, source and characteristics; interpretation of aerial photographs and preparation of basic maps from aerial photographs.

FOW326: Wildlife Ecology and Management (3 credits)

Organisation of Wildlife Resources.Wildlife in relation to their environment. Factors affecting distribution and abundance of wildlife interrelationship between climate, soils, vegetation, geologic history and wildlife population characteristics as related to reproduction and mortality factors. Movement, behaviours, lifecycles, reproduction, food and food habitats of wildlife.Nature and efficient usage rangeland in West Africa methods of range amendment and management. Wildlife capture techniques: objectives traps and consideration for design: immobilization by drugs. Handy, care and feeding of captured animals field exercises of different capture methods.

400 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

EMT411: Environmental Monitoring Systems and Techniques (3 credits)

Definition, general principles of environmental monitoring. Organization of monitoring programmes for site and resource specific strategies. Classification of monitoring techniques and use (physical, chemical, biologica,l, radioactive) global sources, sinks and transport (mass balance) of both man-made and natural atmospheric trace components. Ocean-atmosphere interactions, reversible effect of human activities on the global environment e.g. green houseeffect, climate change, depletion of stratosphere ozone layer, acid rain. Air pollution meteorology, chemistry arid biology.Atmosphere dispersion models. Elements of air pollution control. Sampling and air monitoring techniques.Mechanism of pollutant interaction with soil and vegetation.General principles of biotesting, aquatic toxicity, types, bioassays, data analysis and interpretation.

EMT413: Environmental Aspects of Farming Systems (3 credits)

Farm systems and farming systems.The relevance of the farm-system approach.Classification of farming systems.Difficulties of farming systems.Problems and peculiarities of shifting cultivation.Characteristics and problems of permanent upland cultivation.Irrigation farming.Environmental and health implication of irrigation.Perennial crop farming.Ranching.Institutional and environmental requirements of site related systems.

EMT415: Environmental Education and Awareness (2credits)

Population and environment (responsible use).Role of educational intervention in environmental action.Methods of dissemination of environmental information; case studies of information to various target groups.Methods of public opinion assessment.Social theory for environmental psychology, ecological, psychology theory of participation, social response to environmental-pollution, environmental damage and compensation.

EMT416: Soil and Water Analysis (2 credits)

Sampling and physico-chemical analysis of soils (including analysis of several pollutants in soil). Sampling and analysis of water for various biological and physico-chemical water quality parameters: pH, hardness, alkalinity, chloride, phosphate, nature, ammonia, sulphate, sulphide, sulphite, fecal bacteria, etc.  Determination of dissolved oxygen (D.O), chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical (BOD) dissolved and suspended solids, conductivity, turbidity, temperature, saturation index, sodium adsorption rationing, etc.This course is to be assessed 100% on practicals.

EMT417: The Human Environment (2 credits)

Conceptualization of Environment; Constituents of Human Environment; Perception and mental map in human decision making; Superstructures created by man in the environment; Outcomes of the interaction between physical and human environment; Cases of human misuse of the environment; Theories of human impacts on the environment(e.g. ecological, sustainability models); Strategies for minimizing human impact on the environment.

EMT418: Environmental Auditing (2 credits)

Concept of Environmental Auditing: Definition, Objectives, Types of Environmental Auditing; Environmental Audit Process: Scope, Objectives of Audit, Pre-Audit Process, Conduct of Environmental Audit, Post-Audit Activities; Legal Aspects and Practice of Environmental Audit under Nigerian Law.

EMT410: Rural and Urban Regional Planning (2 credits)

a) Concept of a Region: Region, Places, Types of Regions b) Theories of regional growth and development: Central Place Theory:- Christaller’s Assumptions, Losch’s Central Place Theory Core Periphery Model: Core, Periphery Growth Pole Theory: Origin and Definitions, Linkage between Cities as Growth Poles and Urbanization Spatial Equilibrium Model: Basic Concept of Spatial Equilibrium Model: Spatial Inequality, Theories of Spatial Inequalities, a) Theories of Regional Inequality, b) Theories of Urban Inequality c) Strategies for regional planning: Meaning of Planning, Needs for Planning, Types and Levels of Planning, Urban Planning, Regional Planning, Regional Planning Process, Problems of Regional Panning, Regional Planning Strategies d) Human and environmental impacts on regional planning, Urban Decay, Blight e) Criteria for settlement classification: Rurality, Urbanism f) The village as an organic Environmental entity.

MCB412: Environmental Microbiology (4 credits)

The microbial environment.Concepts in environmental microbiology.Microbial populations and community dynamics.Microorganisms in their natural environments, the terrestrial environment, the nature, chemical activities and methods of investigation of soil micro flora.Nitrogen fixation.The aquatic environment – the microbiology of water supplies, water treatment, water supply and public health.Sewage and sewage disposal in hot climates.The role of microbes in prospecting, recovery and degradation of petroleum products.

EMT401: Scientific Writing and Presentation in Environmental Science (2 credits) First and Second Semesters

Scientific writing reasons for writing manuscripts research papers and project proposals Scientific illustrations – Tables, graphs, flow chart, organizational charts, computer graphics, photographs, Literature resources, Scientific communication. Types of written communication: journals, bulletins, abstracts etc. Types of oral communication, seminar, conferences, talk, art of oral presentation.Scientific writing, Library use and bibliographic search in the Environmental Mgt. & Toxicology and related areas.Modern information technologies (Information), scientific networking computer date-bases. Compact Disc-Read-Only-Memory (CD-ROM) technology, on line information and computer conference, optical discs, scientific illustration (figures, tables, plates). Each student will present oral and written reports for grading based on a survey of the literature on recent developments in an area of current interest in the field of Environmental Mgt. & Toxicology. The course is to be assessed 100% using applied methods/techniques on the above topics.

EMT402: Geographic Information System (GIS) (2 credits) First and Second Semesters

An introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Topics covered include displaying, downloading, editing, analyzing, and printing public domain and user-created geographical data sets. The main emphasis of the course is on the acquisition of system operations skills, spatial data analysis, map construction, data display methods classification, change detection,, and cartographic modeling, Use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) for solving a range of scientific problems in the environmental sciences. Spatial data types, formats and organization; gee-referencing and coordinate systems; remotely sensed image manipulation and analysis; map production. Principle of Remote Sensing and its application to Ground Water Environment, to mining of mineral resources, to Landslides, Land subsidence and earthquake, waste land mapping, to Ecology, to environmental Impact Assessment.

EMT403: Integrated Resources Management (3 credits) First and Second Semesters

Classification of resources, Survey of resources within the ecological regions of Nigeria (Earth Minerals, Water resources, Forest resources, etc).Current uses and potentials of Nigeria resources.Links between the resources of the Earth, Approaches to resources management concept, Resources utilization and sustainability.Waste minimization in resources utilization.Techniques for resources processing and value-adding.

EMT414: Principles of Toxicology I (3 credits)

History of toxicology, Biochemistry cellular and molecular toxicology.Biotoxinscarcinogenesis, tetratogenesis and mutagenesis/genetic toxicology, biotransformation of toxicants. Systematic toxicology, toxic responses of blood, liver, kidney respiratory systems, central nervous systems, skin, reproductive system, eye and the immune systems.

Practicals: Demonstration to topical application contract tests, systemic activity pesticides. Acetycholinesterases inhibition in insects in vivo and in vitro. Inhibition of egg hatch in nematodes and chitin deposition in insects.

Resistance tests in insects. Probit analysis.Effect of gamma radiation on insect development studies.Effect of morphogenic agents on larval and pupa development in insects.Autoradiographic studies.Bioassay of resistant/susceptible strains of insects, audiovisuals.

EMT419: Experimental Pesticide Chemistry and Residue Analysis (1 credit)

Sampling, planning the sampling programme, sample containers, collection of various environmental samples—water solid sediments, vegetation, blood, milk, fish, invertebrates birds, mammals, air etc. Sample Preservation: Extraction and clean-up methods, instrumentation for pesticide analysis, use of gas chromatograph for determination of pesticide residues, Analytical quality assurance; recovery and precision studies.Pesticide formulation analysis. Experimental designs and field/green houses trials on effect of pesticide on (a) growth and yield of crops (b) control of pests and diseases, (c) insect resistance probit analysis. Screening of Nigerian herbs for pesticidalactivities.Isolation and characterization of active ingredients in Nigerian herbs.Maintenance, trouble shooting and calibration of instruments.

EMT412: Mutagens in the Environment (2 credits)

Impact of technology on the natural environment.Implications in human diseases.Drugs, cosmetics, PPCPs, combustion, food additives, agricultural practices, food-borne mutagens, accidents, industrial, domestic and e-wastes, social habits, biological mutagens, etc.Bioassays.

SECOND SEMESTER

EMT499: Industrial Attachment (SIWES) (6 credits)

Students will proceed on industrial attachment for one semester. Each student will be visited by a member of staff during the period where a log book should be used. A student is expected to present his/her report in a standard format which should be defended and assessed before a departmental panel.

PBB423: Limnology (3 credits)

Introduction to limnology.Water as a medium.Physical and chemical environments of inland waters (rivers, lakes and springs).Water analysis.Types of lakes, rivers, springs. Water quality criteria and waste water.Water quality monitoring. Water shed and water management.

500 LEVEL

FIRST SEMESTER

MT511: Environmental Law (2 credits)

Basic concept of environmental standard criteria and regulation.Federal environmental laws organization of environment protection.States edict and regulation on the environment, plant and animal quarantine.Regulations and enforcement mechanisms, violations and sanctions.Comparative study of environmental laws in some advance countries, e.g. USA, Canada, Thailand, etc. International Laws and conventions.

EMT512: Ecological Disasters and Control (3credits)

Ecological consequences of mismanagement of natural resources.Principles and practice of greenbelt establishment in arid coastal areas. Origin causes of erosion. Erosion forecasting surface water management.Soil hydrology.Soil water movement.Drainage, leaching and water disposal. Economics and benefits of erosion control. Mechanics of erosion.Types and forms of erosion.Evapo-transportation. Erosion/food control measures, engineering and administrative measures.

EMT513:  Environmental Biotechnology (2 credits)

Definition and historical development of biotechnology, Genes and genetic engineering.Tools and practice of genetic engineering, Applications of biotechnology (bioremediation, biocontrol, biofertilizers, biogas, bioinformatics etc.).Socio-economic implications of biotechnology.

EMT514: Environment and Poverty (3 credits)

Concepts of absolute and relative poverty, Poverty and Environment: The Linkages, Approaches in poverty measurement, Environmental indicators of poverty, Theories of development and underdevelopment in relation to poverty, Poverty and environmental resources utilization and management, Poverty factor in the resolution of local and global environmental issues, Measures for poverty alleviation for environmental conservation.

EMT515: Environmental Health and Safety Management (3 credits)

Environmental Management and Assessment: Our planet, The need for environmental sustainability, Environmental legislation, Environmental Management Systems (EMS), Environmental impact assessment, Strategic environmental assessment, Environmental audit, Cost benefit analysis, Life cycle assessment, Clean technology, Environmental risk management, Sustainable development; Health and safety policies in industries and work environments, Strategies and objectives, First Aid and Techniques; burns, poison stings and bites, artificial respiration etc. Accidents; classification, causes and costs; Fire and firefighting.Health and safety audits as management tools.  Health and safety plans. Accidents: case studies.

EMT509: Seminar (2credits)First and Second Semesters

The purpose of this course is to familiarize the students with .effective use of the library, preparation of project reports, papers for journal publication and journal reviews. Students will be given essays on topics of general interest from widespread areas of environmental management.

EMT501:  Principles of Soil and Water Preservation (2 credits) First and Second Semesters

Definitions, Ethics and Scope of soil and Water conservation principles.  Geomorphological factors in soil water consideration.  Types, forms and significance of soil erosion.  Spatial and temporal measurement of erosion processes.  Erosivity of rainfall, preparation of erosivity indexes, drainage basin studies.  Grazing animal as erosion hazard.Effect of cultivation methods and cropping systems on erosions, slope profiles and soil development. Soil particles, pore water pressure, geomorphology and weathering processes.  Soil deterioration by agriculture and other malpractices.Soil conservation methods mechanical and cultural methods.  Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and adaptation for Nigeria. Wind erosion, Mechanical methods, terracing types, design and spacing of terrace.  Terraces and diversion ditches. Construction and maintenance.Design and construction of grassed waterways, drop structures, gully controls.(Case studies should be used in teaching of this course).

EMT502: Water Quality Assessment (3 credits)First and Second Semesters

Comparative studies of natural water: River, Lakes, Sea, Ground and Rainwater.  Oxygen demand in aerobic and anaerobic oxidation.  Demineralization and Desalting.  Hydro-chemical data analysis. History of water quality management:  the problem and its science.  Developing standards from the traditions of toxicology, classification and environmental quality assessment; the search for ecologically accurate aquatic metrics.  The role of scale issues in water quality management.  Coastal zone water quality management structuring water management goals by ecological level, effects of land use on water quality. Management of water quality in: (i) A forested landscape (ii). An agricultural landscape or an urban landscape.The practical component of this course is 40% and exams 60% for assessment.

FOW518: Forest and Wildlife Policy, Law and Administration (2 credits)

National and State policies on forest and wildlife resources.Planning effective use of forest resources; Forest, wildlife and related natural resources, policies, planning effective use of forest resources, structure of wildlife administration, problems of conserving forest and endangered species.Nigeria law in natural resources management. Administration and wildlife conservation for economic and recreation uses, problems of wildlife conservation in Nigeria.

SECOND SEMESTER

EMT521: Waste Management (3 credits)

Types, nature and characteristics of toxicants, sampling of air; soil, water-and other ecological materials; particularly using a staplex sampler at different flow rates and other modem methods.Sample preservation and preparation techniques.Samples collection techniques of air, soil, water, food, blood etc.Analytical methods for toxicants Instrumental neutron.Activation analysis. Atomic absorption spectrophotometer UV/Visible spectrophotometer Gas chromatograph hybrid methods e.g..GC/Mass spectrometer. Auto- analyzer chemical separation methods. Gas analyzers.Quality assurance of analytical data statistical treatment of data.Interpretation of data.

EMT522: Human Settlement and Development (3 credits)

Human settlements, size and density. Factors influencing location, landscape designs, parks and reserves. Rural, urban land use and environmental quality. Culture and environment: patterns, health and safety. Environmental ethics.Impact of human settlement and development on the environment.Case studies; examples of significant human settlements and developments projects and their environmental impacts.

EMT523: Conservation of Biodiversity (3 credits)

Concept of Biological Diversity: Meaning, Dimension of Biological Diversity (flora and fauna). Theories of Diversity and Biodiversity Statistics.Ecological, Economic and Social values of Biological Resources.Sources of Loss and Extinction of Biodiversity. Basic ecological and evolutionary principles involved in halting the rapid loss of both Plants and Animals. Impacts of Pollution on Biodiversity.Effects of Climate Change on Biodiversity.Sociological and Economic issues with respect to Biological Aspects of West Africa.

EMT524: Petroleum and Environment (2 credits)

Origin and composition of crude oil, composition of refund oils; extent, sources fate and effects of oil in the environment.

EMT528: Tourism and Recreation (3 credits)

Meaning and approaches to tourism and recreation, Historical and modern perspectives of tourism and recreation, Environmental aspects of tourism and recreation, Pattern of tourism and recreation in developing countries, Nigeria tourism potentials, their location and factor, Origin of Tourism in Nigeria, Fundamentals of tourism planning and development within the Ecological zones in Nigeria, Environmental, economical and social significance of tourism, Environmental consideration in tourism and recreation planning and utilization.

EMT529: Environment and Community Health (3 credits)

Definition of concepts in community and public health, Hinterland viewpoint of community health, Influence of the environment and development on Community health, Agencies involved in international health, Distinction between community/public health in developed and less developed countries, The vicious circles of population pressure, Malnutrition and infection, Problem solving in the developing world, Sources of community/public health problems in rural and Urban areas in less developed countries: water availability/scarcity, vehicular emission, population increase, air pollution, sanitation; Control of health problems arising from contamination of Water, air in communities, Spatial Epidemiological Approach to community/public health. Problems analysis, Planning intervention programme for community/public health problems

EMT516: Principles of Toxicology II (2 credits)

Sources, fate and effects of different toxicants in the environment; pesticides, metals, radiation and radioactive materials, plant and animal toxins, polyhalogenated compounds, hazardous wastes, dusts, asbestos, plastics.  Factors that influence toxicity, route of administration, chemical and biological factors.  Environmental toxicology, food additives and contaminants, atmospheric, aquatic and soil pollutants. Clinical toxicology, cosmetics and drugs, occupational toxicology and health.Autoradiography.  Toxicity testing.  Future of toxicology in the developing countries i.e. regulatory and legal requirements.

EMT517:Principles of Analysis of Toxicants (3credits)

Types and forms of wastes.Sources of waste.Methods of solid, liquid and gaseous wastes management technology including wastes recycling and utilization.Institutional arrangements for waste management. Environmental health effects of waste management. Economics of wastes management, wastes management strategies.Case studies.

EMT518: Structural Elucidation of Organic Pollutants (3 credits)

Structural elucidation of organic pollutants, basic instrumentation, and techniques.Chemical analysis and structural elucidation of organic pollutants.

EMT 519: Radionuclides in Environment (2 credits)  

Natural radioactivity, fusion, fission, decay processes, acidity, nuclear models, energetic of nuclear reactions. Principles and measurement of radioactivity.Application of radioactivity.Radiation hazards.Applications of radioisotopes.Nuclear structure and Nuclear reactions, Decay reactions kinetics of decay reaction.Bombardment reactions and the growth of radio activity, Analytical use of radionuclide. Chemical path way studies, radio- isotope dilution methods, radio immunoassay, radio activation analysis.

EMT525: Miscellaneous Techniques in Environmental Analysis (2 credits)

Miscellaneous advanced techniques in environmental analysis X-ray methods, neutron activation and radiochemical methods, enzymatic and kinetic methods, automated and process analyzers. The course is to be assessed 100% using applied practical analysis.

EMT526: Separation Techniques in Environmental Analysis (2 credits)

Solvent extraction methods in analysis. Types of separation, distribution coefficient, single batch extraction, continuous bath extraction, Bath processes, application of solvent extraction. Principles of chromatography theoretical plates, resolution and band spreading, paper, thin layer, ion-exchanger, column, gel-permeation, GLC, electrophoresis.The practical component of this course is 40% and exams 60% for assessment.

EMT527: Methods in Environmental Analysis III (2 credits)

Electro-analytical method: Potentiometry, Reference electrode – Calomel, Ag/Agcl, indicator electrodes – 1st, 2nd and 3rd order, Metal Electrodes, membrane electrodes – glass electrode, types of liquid junction potential, solid state electrode, potentiometric titration, end point location in potentiometric titration –visual, plot of E/V, plot of derivative curves 1st and 2nd electrogravimetry, fixed potential, constant current, constant cathode potential coulometry: constant current coulometry, coulometric titration. Voltammetry: classical polarography, Description of dropping mercury electrode, condition for polarographic determination, qualitative and quantitative analysis conductance methods: description of limiting ionic conductance, conductance cell, conductomertic titration. Thermal methods: Thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis (DTA). The practical component of this course is 40% and exams 60% for assessment.

EMT599: Project (6 credits)

An independent investigation of an environmental research problem based on field research, library and laboratory analysis to be carried out by each individual student (topic/s to be approved by the Departmental Board).

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