CONTENT OF OPTOMETRY COURSES
Course No. Course Name Credits Semester
CHM 111 General Chemistry I 3 1
CHM 113 Organic Chemistry I 3 1
MCB111 Introductory Microbiology 2 1
GST 111 Use of English I 2 1
GST 112 Philosophy and Logic 2 1
PBB 111 Introduction to Plant Biology 1 3
PHY 109 Practical Physics 2 1, 2
PHY 113 Vibrations, Waves & Optics 3 1
AEB 122 Functional Zoology 4 2
CHM 122 General Chemistry II 3 2
CHM 124 Organic Chemistry II 3 2
GST 121 Use of English II 2 2
GST 122 Nigerian People & Culture 2 2
GST 123 History & Philosophy of
Science & Technology 2 2
AEB 111 Introductory 4 1
CSC 110 Introduction to Computing 3 1
PHY 111 Mechanics, Thermal Physics
& Properties of Matter 3 1
Course No. Course Name Credits Semester
OPT 207 Human Anatomy 4 1,2
OPT 210 Geometrical Optics 3 1
OPT 217 Ocular Anatomy I 3 1
OPT 218 Human Physiology 3 1
OPT 220 Physical Optics 3 2
OPT 227 Ocular Anatomy II 3 2
OPT 228 Human Physiology II 3 2
BCH 210 Introductory Biochemistry 4 1
MTH 211 Ancillary Mathematics 3 1
SAA 214 Social Psychology I 2 1
BCH 220 Functional Biochemistry 4 2
CSC220 Introduction to Data Processing 3 2
PBB 224 Introductory Genetics 3 2
Core 22 Mandatory 22
Course No. Course Name Credits Semester
OPT 310 Physiological Optics I 3 1
OPT 311 Ophthalmic Optics I 3 1
OPT 312 General Optometry I 2 1
OPT 316 Ocular Microbiology 4 1
OPT 317 Ocular Physiology 2 1
OPT 318 Ocular Biochemistry 2 1
OPT 320 Physiological Optics II 3 2
OPT 321 Ophthalmic Optics II 3 1
OPT 322 General Optometry 2 2
OPT 326 Neuro-anatomy & Neuro-physiology 4 2
OPT 327 General Pathology 3 2
OPT 328 General Pharmacology 3 2
OPT329 Forensic Optometry 3 2
CED 300 Entrepreneurship 2 1
PBB 313 Biostatistics 3 1
Core 37 Mandatory 5
Course No. Course Name Credits Semester
OPT 401 Clinical & Mechanical Optics 1 2 1,2
OPT 403 General Optometry Lab. 3 1,2
OPT 410 Physiological Optics III 4 1
OPT 413 General Optometry,
Instrumentation I 3 1
OPT 414 Contact Lens I 3 1
OPT 417 Ocular Pathology I 2 1
OPT 418 Epidemiology &
Community Health Optometry 4 1
OPT 420 Physiological Optics IV 4 2
OPT 423 General Optometry, Procedures
& Instrumentation II 3 2
OPT 424 Contact Lens II 3 2
OPT 427 Ocular Pathology II 2 1
OPT428 Ocular Pharmacology 2 2
OPT 429 Primary Eye Care 3 2
PBB 421 Genetics 3 2
SAA 441 Child Development 2 1
SAA 442 Personality & Motivation 2 2
Core 38 Mandatory7
Course No. Course Name Credits Semester
OPT 500 Outreach Programme &
Hospital Practice 2 Long vacation
OPT 510 Scientific Research Method 2 1
OPT 511 Clinical Mechanical Optics II 2 1
OPT 512 Primary Care Optometry 2 1
OPT 513 Primary Optometry Clinic 3 1
OPT 514 Contact Lens Clinic 1. 2 1
OPT 515 Pediatric Optometry 2 1
OPT 516 Low Vision &
Rehabilitative Optometry 3 1
OPT 517 Strabismus & Amblyopia 3 1
OPT 519 Practice Management 2 1
OPT 599 Externship 8
2nd Semester & Long Vacation
Course No. Course Name Credits Semester
OPT 602 Primary Optometry Clinic 6 1,2
OPT 604 Specialty Optometry Clinic 6 1,2
OPT 609 Research Project 6 1,2
OPT 610 Séminal in Research Topics 3 1
OPT 611 Patient Management Seminar 3 1
OPT612 Geriatric Optometry 2 1
OPT615 Orthoptics 3 1
OPT617 Neuropathology 2 1
OPT625 Functional Optometry 2 1
OPT626 Environmental Vision 3 2
OPT627 Endocrinology& Nutrition 2 2
OPT628 Applied Psychology
for Optometrists 2 2
OPT629 Advanced Practice
Management 2 2
MANDATORY COURSES: NIL
CHM111 GENERAL CHEMISTRY 1 3 Credits
Relationship of Chemistry to other Sciences. Atoms, subatomic particles. Isotopes molecules, Avogadro’s number. Mole concept. Dalton’s theory Modern concepts of atomic theory. Laws of chemical combination relative atomic masses.
CHM122 GENERAL CHEMISTRY 11 3 Credits
Acid, Bases and Salts. Quantitative and qualitative analysis. Theory of volumetric analysis- operations and methods. Calculations: Mole, Molarity Molarlity. Behaviour of electrolytes. Water. Colligative properties. Ostwald’s dilution law. Arthenius, Bronsted Lowry. Lewis concepts and applications. Buffers, introduction to reaction rates. Equilibria and equilibrium constants. Solubility products. Common effects. Precipitation reactions. Chemistry of Redox reactions.
CHM 113 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 1 3 Credits
General Principles of Organic Chemistry.
Introduction. Definition of Organic Chemistry. Classification of organic compounds. Homologous series. Functional group
CHM 124 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II 3 Credits
Polar Function Group Chemistry
Hydroxyl Group Alcohols and phenols. Classification, Acidity- comparison. Important methods of preparation. Reaction: with metals bases. Alkyl halide Oxidation. Dehydration. Test for alcohols and phenols.
PHY 109 PRACTICAL PHYSICS 2 Credits
Students are expected to carry out a minimum of 12 major experiments covering the main aspects of the courses taken in the year. Pre-requisite GCE O-Level or WASC.
PHY 111 MECHANICS, THERMAL PHYSICS & 3 Credits
PROPS OF MATTER
Scalars and Vectors. Addition and resolution of vectors. Rectilinear motion and newton’s law of motion. Inertial mass and gravitational mass. Free fall. Projectile motion, deflecting forces and circular motion. Newton’s law of gravitation: satellites, escape velocity. Gravitational potential. Potential well, special case of circular motion. Momentum and the conservation of a momentum. Work power energy, units. Potential energy for a gravitational field and elastic bodies. Kinetic energy conservation of energy. Energy stored in a rotating body. Kinetic energy in elastic and inelastic collisions
PHY 113 VIBRATIONS, WAVES AND OPTICS 3 Credits
Periodic motion of an oscillator: Velocity and acceleration of a sinusoidal oscillation, equation of motion of a simple barmonic oscillator: damped Oscillations; forced oscillations, resonance: propagation of longitudinal and transverse vibrations. Wave behaviour, Reflection of waves, stationary waves, propagation of straight and circular pulses; fiber optics, diffraction, dispersion, interference, coherence, polarization. Wave and light. Mirrors, lenses, formation of images, lenses in contact microscope, telescope; chromatic and spherical aberrations and their reduction, Dispersion by prisms; relation between colour and wavelength; spectra.
PHY 124 ELECTROMAGNETISM AND 4 Credits
Electric field: Strength, flux and the inverse square law; electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model for the electric field. Energy stored in an electric field, electrical potential due to dipole.
Steady direct current: Simple circuits; potential difference, resistance, power, electromagnetic force, Kirchhoffs laws; potential divider, slide-wire potentiometer, bridge circuits, combing resistances.
AEB 111 INTRODUCTORY ANIMAL AND 4 Credits
Man population growth and impact on the biosphere, Faunal biodiversity.
Invertebrata: protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, mollusca, Annelida, Echinodermata Vertebrata: Cephalochordata, Pisces, Amphibia. Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia. Mammalian Anatomy: Anatomy of Rattus rattus.
AEB 122: FUNCTIONAL ZOOLOGY 4 Credits
Embryology: Gametogenesis, fertilization and cleavage as demonstrated by Amphioxus. Genetics: the cell- and distribution of genetic material mitosis, meiosis, inheritance, sex determination and sex-linked inheritance. Histology: Cells, tissues, organ formation and main features. Physiology: Functioning of mammalian skin, muscles/skeleton, alimentary system/nutritional requirements and deficiencies.
CSC110: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTING 3 Credits
History of Computers. Functional compenents of a computer, characteristic of a computer, problem solving, flow charts, algorithms. BASIC computer programming statements, symbolic names; arrays, subscripts expressions and control statements. Introduction to BASIC Programming language, computer applications.
PBB 111: INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BIOLOGY I 3 Credits
Introduction to Botany. Prospects of a botanist. Diversity of living organisms and habits, life forms, mode of nutrition, size shape e.g common features of organisms. Need of arranging them into classifications. Concepts of five Kingdom and their characteristics and possible evolutionary relationship among major groups of organisms. A brief survey of bacteria, viruses, PPLO. Life cycle of algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.
PBB 122: INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BIOLOGY II 3 credits
The general morphology, anatomy. Histology and physiology of flowering plants, seed structure, dispersal and germination, development of primary and secondary plant body, water relations, photosynthesis.
OPT 207 HUMAN ANATOMY 4 Credits
General anatomy, with emphasis on the head, neck and thorax.. An introduction to histology and embryology.
Co-requisite: OPT 218,228.
OPT 210 GEOMETRICAL OPTICS 3 Credits
Principles of geometrical optics including reflection and refraction, spherical and cylindrical lenses, mirrors, thin and thick lenses, lens systems, ray tracing, apertures, prisms, aberrations, lens design and optical instruments. Transpositionand specification of ophthalmic lenses.
Labortary: Techniques learnt in geometrical optics are practiced: Object image relationship, lens systems, magnification, effect of prisms on rays; ray tracing. Optical principles of lensometry.
2hr. lectures & 3hr Practical/week Pre-requisite: PHY109
OPT 217 OCULAR ANATOMY 3 Credits
An overview of the anatomy of the eye and structures of the orbit, eye lids, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, sclera, anterior chamber, iris, posterior chamber, lens, ciliary body and extra ocular muscles.
Labortary: Dissection of Bovine eyes to study the various parts of the eye. Human orbital bones are studied. Slides of various orbital and ocular structures are studied.
2hr. lectures & 3hr Practical/week Pre-requisite: AEB122
Co- requisite:OPT207 & OPT218
OPT 218 HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY 3 Credits
Functional organization of the human body. General principles of physiology: Homeostasis and Homeostatic mechanisms. The cell and its function. Excitable tissues – nerve and muscles, Body fluids and blood, Renal physiology, Respiration.
Co-requisite: OPT 207
OPT 220 PHYSICAL OPTICS 3 Credits
Principles of waves and optics: interference, diffraction, polarization, radiometry and holography. Quantum nature of light; spectroscopy; lasers; relativistic optics.
LABORATORY: Technique learnt in physical optics are practiced: Effect of prism on rays.
2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: PHY 109
OPT 227 OCULAR ANATOMY II 3 Credits
A continuation of OPT 217. The structure of vitreous, choriod and retina. Nerve and blood supplies to the eye and orbit. Embryology and development of the eye.
Laboratory: Contd: ie Dissection of Bovie eyes to study the various parts of the eye. Human orbital bones are studied. Slides of various orbital and ocular structures are studied.
2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: AEB 122
Co-requisite: OPT207 & OPT218
OPT 228 HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY II 3 Credit
The nervous system: General principles and sensory physiology, Central nervous system. Autonomic nervous system, special senses. The endocrine system, Gastro-intestinal system, Reproduction, Cardiovascular system. Co-requisite: OPT 207
OPT 310 PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS I 3 Credits
The eye as an optical instrument; Reduced and Schematic eyes; Anomalies of refraction and optical aberrations of the eye; Badel optometer, Resolution and visual acuity.
LABORATORY: Measurements with optometer set-ups, Demonstration of Purkinje images, optical aberrations, effect of defocus on visual acuity & anomalies of refraction. Venier Acuity.
2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT 210
OPT 311 OPHTHALMIC OPTICS I 3 Credits
History and development of ophthalmic lenses and frames. Manufacture of spectacle materials: ophthalmic glass; plastic lenses and frames. Forms of spectacle lenses: spherical, cylindrical, toric or sphero-cylindrical and ophthalmic prisms. Single vision lens designs: base curve, surface powers, front vertex power, back vertex power, effective power. Lens neutralisation: cylindrical power and toric transposition; lensometry. Parts of frames; Frame measurements and frame designs; IPD measurement; lens and frame specifications; centration and decentration.
LABORATORY: Materials studied in ophthalmic optics lectures are identified and studied: Tyoesm firns & structure of lenses and frames. Parts of frames and facial measurements; methods of frame selection and patient styling; lensometry; specificastion (ordering) of lenses and frames, lens and frame designs.
2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT 210 & 220
OPT 312 GENERAL OPTOMETRY I 2 Credits
Review of optics of spherical, cylindrical, spherocylindrical or toric lenses as well as ophthalmic prisms. Trial lens set and Examination accessiories. Classification and correction of refractive errors; Introduction to accommodative and binocular anomalies; Scope of general optometric examination: case history, theory and clinical measurement of visual acuity, cover test, Maddox rod test, red lens test, Worth-4-dot test, Maddox wing test, stereoacuity and interpupillary distance
(IPD). Class demonstrations and exercises included.
Pre-requisite: OPT 210
OPT 316 OCULAR MICROBIOLOGY 4 Credits
A detailed study of bacteria. Microscopy, Growth and nutrition of bacteria, Classification of bacteria (Gram-positive and Gram-negative). Cultural, morphological, structural and biochemical characteristics of bacteria. Normal microbiota of the human eye. Microscopic culture and sensitivity tests for microorganisms (bacteria) implicated in ocular infections. Characteristics of viruses and fungi that infect the human eye. Chemotherapeutic agents – the effect of antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal preparations on bacteria, viruses and fungi.
Pre-requisite: MCB 210,
OPT 317 OCULAR PHYSIOLOGY 2 Credits
The physiology of the eye. Functions of the eye lids, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, anterior and posterior chambers, iris, lens, cilary muscle, citreous, retina, choroids and optic nerve. Production and frainage of extra and intra ocular fluds. Intra ocular pressure, metabolism
Pre-requisite: OPT 217 or 227
OPT 318 OCULAR BIOCHEMISTRY 2 Credits
Biochemical analysis of tear film, aqueous humour and vitreous humour. Structure, metabolism and maintenance of transparency in the cornea and crystalline lens. Structure and biochemical functions of ocular pigments, with emphasis on those of uvea and retina. Biochemistry of rods and cones: processes involved in visual perception and biochemical factors in the development of anomalous photopic, scoptopic and color vision perception.
LABORATORY: Selected experiments from ocular biochemistry lecture.
Pre-requisites:BCH 210 or 220
OPT 320 PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS II 3 Credits
The extraocular muscles, their eletrophysiological actions, and innervational systems. Accommodation, convergence, the AC/A ratio and binocular coordination. Fusion, fusional vergence, retinal disparities and the horopter.
LABORATORY: Demonstration of papillary, accommodative and convergence functions fixation patterns; Versions and Vergences; Fusion and Panum’s fusional area; phoria, tropia and horopter studies; Stereoacuity, associated phorias and fixation disparity.
2hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical/week. Prerequisite: OPT 220
OPT 321 OPHTHALMIC OPTICS II 3 Credits
Bifocal and multifocal lens designs: base curve and near ADD, types and specification of bifocal segments, trifocals; Absoptive lenses: Coats, tints and dyes; impact resistant, protective and occupational lens designs; fashionable lenses and frames; spectacle accessories; aphakic lens designs; optics of contact lenses and low vision devices.
LABORATORY: Continuation of OPT311 LAB.
2hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical week. Pre-requisite: OPT 210 or 220
OPT 322 GENERAL OPTOMETRY II 2 Credits
Preliminary external tests continued. Clinical procedure and significance of the findings from penlight inspection, transillumination, pupillary test, versions and vergence tests, far and near points of accommodation (PR & PP), RAF rule, placido disc. Munson sign, ocular palpation, confrontation visual field methods, Amsler grid, and colour vision tests: Ishihara/pseudoisochromatic plates, lantern test, Farnsworth D15 and 100 Hue tests; Ophthalmoscopy; Direct and monocular indirect.
Class demonstration and exercises included.
Pre-requisite: OPT 210
OPT 326 NEUROPHYSIOLOGY AND NEURO-PHYSIOLOGY 4 Credits
General neurophysiology & neurophysiology: neuron structure, individual neuron physiology, electrophysiological recordings, neural networks and information processing in neurons; overview of retinal anatomy and visual pathway: photoreceptors, first and second order neurons of the retina, optic radiation, cortical connections, Brofman’s classification of the brain: superior colliculus: parietal region; cerebellum midbrain, frontal fields; pontine gaze center Efinger Wesphal nucleus; vestibular imputto the eyes. Cranial nerves serving the eyes: Neurophysiology of retina; Neurophysiology of retina; Neurophysiology of electroretinogram (ERG); Electrophysiology of the visual system: Centre – surround configuration; transient and sustained cells, X, Y, W categories, Boycott and Dowling Schema; precolliculus and superior colliculus features; Tectal Oculomotor control; Lateral geniculate physiology; striate and prestriate cortex (in cat & monkey); visual imput to perietal and temporal lobes, the limbic system and prefrontal cortex; Effects of cortical and tectal lesions and eye movements; clinical implications of visual evoked potential (VER) and Electroretinogram (ERG).
Pre-requisite: OPT 201, 227
OPT 327 GENERAL PATHOLOGY 3 Credits
Introduction to the study of disease: Health, Causes of disease, Branches of pathology. Fundamental pathological processes: Cellular injuries, Cellular degeneration, Cellular adaptations (sublethal cellular injuries), Cell death, Neoplasia, Inflammation. Immunology/Immunopathologies: hypoimmunity, hyperimmunuty, autoimmunity and transplant rejection. Fluid and haemodynamic derangements: oedema, dehydration, hyperaenia and congestion, ischaemia, haemorrhage, shock and obstruction toblood flow. Disease of organ systems: Hypertension, heart disorders, diabetes mellitus etc. Pre-quisite: OPT 218, 228
OPT 328 GENERAL PHARMACOLOGY 3 Credits
General principles of pharmacology; principles and classification of autonomic drugs. Drug receptor interactions, Dose response relationship. Autonomic nervous system pharmacology, Anti-inflammatory drugs, Chemotherapeutic agents.
Pre-requisite:BCH 220 or 220
OPT 329 LEGAL & FORENSIC OPTOMETRY 3 Credits
The development of optometry as a profession and it relationship with other allied health-care professions including opticians and ophthalmologists. The function and scope of the optometrist and other vision-care professionals at present and in the future. Legal recognition of optometry and the role of professional organizations. Practice of Optometry in Nigeria: Road to legal recognition, code of ethics and in-depth study of the optometric practice decree; Role of the Nigerian Optometric Association, World Council of optometry and Association of African optometric Educators; Scope of Modern optometric practice and survey of its development worldwide. Legal requirements in the practice of optometry: Rules of professional conduct, Basic concepts of jurisprudence. The optometrist in court and the requirement for expert evidence.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) extraction, DNA Amplification. Use of Marker-assisted Selection Technique Hybridization, Genome Selection (DNA) Profiling/DNA Mechanism
OPT 401 CLINICAL& MECHANICAL OPTICS1 2 Credits
Lens surfacing, polishing and glazing techniques; grinding of prismatic and cylindrical lenses; front bench spectacle works and verification; patient fitting, spectacle adjustments and repairs. Manufacture of contact lenses and ocular prosthesis.
1hr lecture & 3hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT 311, 321.
OPT 403 GENERAL OPTOMTRY LAB. 3 Credits
Techniques of routine eye examination are practised and developed. Integration and assessment of clinical findings are also practised. Ocular diagnostic techniques are also practised and developed preparatory to examining patients.
Pre-requisite: OPT 312, 322
OPT 410 PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS III 4 Credits
The photochemistry of vision. Sensory aspects of vision, thresholds and adaptation. The mechanisms of colour vision, colour vision defects, their detection and significance. Electrophysiology of the retina and visual pathways.
LABORATORY: Pulfrich phenomenon, colour vision tests, visual threshold experiments. Dark adaptation test, Electrophysiological techniques. Text of stereopsis, optical illusion experiments and leaf room.
3hr. lectures & 3hr practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT 310, 320
OPT 412 EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH OPTOMETRY 4 Credits
Consideration for prevalent diseases that are of interest to the optometrist: systemic diseases with ocular aberrations; General epidemiologic concept. Distribution and dynamics of diseases. Natural history, decision analyisis and clinical decision making, study design and review. Ocular and general emergencies. Pre-requisite: PBB 315, OPT318
OPT 413 GENERAL OPTOMETRIC PROCEDURE
& RUMENTATION I 3 Credits
Routine optometric examination and instrumentation; review of preliminary external tests theory, principles of operation of optometric tonometry, perimetry, slit lamp niomicroscopy, applanation tonometry (including Goldmann, NCT and Tonomat), gonioscopy, fundoscopy (including direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy) Basic maintenance and repairs of common optometric instruments. Pre-requisite: OPT312 or 322
OPT 414 CONTACT LENS I 3 Credits
History and development of contact lenses and their physical and optical properties. The anatomical and physiological implications of contact lens wear. Patient selection and contraindications to contact lens wear. Basic fitting techniques and contact lens designs. Assessing success of contact lens wear and therapy.
LABORATORY : Prefitting examination: verification, lens modification (Hard lens) ordering and dispensing.
2hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT316 or 317
OPT 417 OCULAR PATHOLOGY I 2 Credits
Classification of ocular disease processes, mechanism, ocular pathology. SOAP format. Disease od eyelid and adnexia, tear film, conjunctiva, cornea, episclera and sclera: their signs and symptoms, clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. Differential diagnosis of anterior segment conditions. Clinical work is included.
Pre-requisite: OPT 327 or328
OPT 420 PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS IV 4 Credits
The perception of depth, direction, size, shape, distance, motion and time through the visual medium. Optical illusions and entopic phenomena: their causes and significance to the visual system.
LABORATORY: Continuation of OPT410 Lab.
3hr. lectures & 3hr. practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT310 or 320
OPT 423 GENERAL OPTOMETRY PROCEDURES & INSTRUMENTATION ll 3 Credits
Routine optometric examination continued. Theory, clinical procedure and result interpretation in keratometry, retinoscopy, subjective refraction, phorometry, presbyopia and near tests; graphical analysis; measurement of associated phoria, disparometry and polaroid tests. Introduction to case analysis and integration of individual findings.
Pre-requisite: OPT 312,322
OPT 424 CONTACT LENS II 3 Credits
Astigmatism and advanced fitting techniques for high astimatic patients with front surface toric, Back surface toric and bitoric contact lenses; Keratoconus and contact lens designs for management: Presbyopia and management with contact lenses orthokeratology: Lens care system and complications associated with contact lens wear and their management.
LABORATORY: Continuation of OPT414 Lab.
3hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical/week. Pre-requisite: OPT 316,317
OPT 427 OCULAR PATHOLOGY II 2 Credits
Diseases of the iris, ciliary body, lens, choroids, Glaucoma, vitreous, retina and optic nerve disorders: their signs and symptoms, clinical presentation, pathophysiology diagnosis and management. Differential diagnosis of posterior segment disorders, Oculo-systemic diseases, Ocular emergencies. Pre-requisite: OPT 327 or 328
OPT 428 OCULAR PHARMACOLOGY 2 Credits
Principles of Ocular pharmacology and prescription writing. Adrenergic: against and antagonist, Cholinergic: agonist and antagonist, Anti-glaucoma drugs, ocular/local anesthetics, Anti-allergic drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, Anti-infective agents. Diagnostic aids in optometry.
Pre-requisite: OPT 327 or 328
OPT 429 PRIMARY EYE CARE 3 Credits
Primary Eye Care: definitions and components. History of primary eye care in Nigeria; Management of eye emergencies: foreign body, corneal lacerations, hyphema, lid laceration, burns, perforation of the eye: Acute onset of conditions and treatment: conjunctivitis (e.g pus in new borns), corneal ulcer, xerophthalmia (blinding. Vit A deficiency), acute glaucoma and painful red eye with or without visual loss. Gradual onset of conditions and treatment: Trachoma, Trichiasis, Pterygium, Vit. A deficiency, chronic glaucoma and cataract. Commnity Eye Care and Vision 2020 programme. Currect trends in primary eye care.
OPT 500 OUTREACH PROGRAMME & HOSPITAL PRACTICE 2 Credits
Long vacation community eye care and vision 2020 programme: Field trips to rural communities to deliver eye-care services and survey of endemic eye and vision problems under WHO Vision 2020. The Right to Sight Programme. Participation in eye-care programme for schools, industries and institutions for the les privilege. Rotation within hospital eye clinics.
OPT510 SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH METHODS 2 Credits
Introduction to the basic principles of scientific research: Definition of scientific problems: Review of current literature. Experimental design: Data collection, Analysis of data, Review of statistical methods and Interpretation of results; Conclusion and Referencing, Format for project write-up and presentation.
OPT 511 CLINICAL & MECHANICAL OPTICS II 2 Credits
Postings to optical dispensing display room to handle patients referred for spectacle dispensing: patients’ facial measurements, frame selection and patients’ styling, ophthalmic laboratory job order writing and billing, ordering of the prescription: front bench dispensing and verification of orders received: patients’ fiting and spectacle adjustments: emergency frame repairs.
Pre-requisite OPT 401
OPT 512 PRIMARY CARE OPTOMETRY 2 Credits
Clinical optometric records: gathering of clinical data: case analysis. Syndrome classification, problem oriented optometric record approach and SOAP formation. Clinical interviews: optometric management of common clinical problems: Headaches, refractive problems, binocular anomalies, eyelid problems, anterior segment disorders, posterior segment disorders and ocular emergencies: Intra-professional referrals.
Pre-requisite: OPT 413 or 423 Co-requisite: OPT 503
OPT 513 PRIMARY OPTOMETRY CLINIC 3 Credits
Examination, diagnosis and treatment of patients in the optometry clinic under the supervision of an Optometrist. Emphasis is placed on routine optometric examination and detection of pathology
Pre-requisite: OPT 403
OPT514. CONTACT LENS CLINIC I 2 Credits
Examination, diagnosis and treatment of patients in the optometry clinic under the supervision of an Optometrist. Emphasis is placed on routine optometric examination and detection of pathology.
Pre-requisite: OPT 414 or 424
OPT 515 PEDIATRIC OPTOMETRY 2 Credits
A review of the development of vision and the distribution of refractive errors among infants, common congenital disorders, clinical assessment procedure for the young patient (birth through elementary school), identification of learning disorders and recommendation of appropriate remedial programme.
LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment in pediatric optometry are learnt and practiced under routine setting.
Co – requisite: OPT 503
OPT 516 LOW VISION & REHABILITATIVE OPTOMETRY 3 Credits
Principle of low vision, magnification, telescopic system, microscopic systems and magnifiers. The definition and etiology of low vision, prognosis and management, illumination control, optical and non-optical aids. Ocular prostheses. Aniseikonia.
LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment in low vision and rehabilitative optometry are learnt and practiced under routing setting,
Pre-requisite: OPT 403
OPT 517 STRABISMUS AND AMBLYOPIA 3 Credits
Requisites for normal binocular vision. Incidence and classification of strabismus and amblyopia. Neurophysiological basis for binocular vision. Causes of strabismus and amblyopia. Adaptive conditions commonly associated with strabismus. Clinical characteristics of eyes with amblyopia. Routine examination of strabismic patient and anisometropic amblyopia lectures are practiced with basic instrumentation.
Pre-requisite: OPT 410
OPT 519 PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2 Credits
The various modes of practice; single; partnership, group practice, employed practice in hospitals, government and industry. The development and management of an optometric practice. Office location and layout, and the development of inter and intraprofessional relationships.
OPT 599 EXTERNSHIP 8 Credits
Six months (i.e 2nd Semester 500L to end of Long Vacation) industrial and clinical attachment and rotation for ophthalmic optical laboratory and dispensing experience, solo practice, as well as, optometric instrumentation and patient care provided in hospital, or multidisciplinary health care setting (external to the University) by students under strict supervision.
Pre-requisites: OPT 503
OPT 602 PRIMARY OPTOMETRY CLINIC AND
SOLO PRACTICE 8 Credits
Rotation for clinical practice within University Optometry Clinics and external solo practices with emphasis on total scope of optometric patient care including general care of children, adults and geriatric population; diagnosis of ocular diseases; routine contact lens care, visual training and ophthalmic dispensing.
Pre-requisites: OPT 503
Co-requisites: OPT 601
OPT 604 SPECIALTY OPTOMETRY CLINICS 6 Credits
Clinical examination, diagnosis, and management of referred cases for specialist optometric management: contact lens patients’ care: care of children’s vision from infancy to adolescent age: visual training and orthoptics, low vision and other forms of visual impairment; adults with involutional eye and vision problems; occupational vision assessment and management.
Pre-requisites:, 513, 524 & 525
Co-requisites: OPT 602
OPT 609 RESEARCH PROJECT 6 Credits
Investigation in specialized areas of optometry under the supervision of academic staff, submission and defence of a thesis embodying the results of the investigation.
Pre-requisites: OPT 513
OPT 610 SEMINAR IN RESEARCH TOPICS 3 Credits
Recent developments in Optometry, Current research methods, their advantages and disadvantages, Review of current literature. Current diagnositic and therapeutic techniques: advantages and drawbacks. Progress of student research project.
.Pre-requisites: OPT 503
Co-requisites: OPT 60
OPT 611 PATIENT MANAGEMENT SEMINARS 3 Credits
Seminars and clinical rounds: Case presentation & discussions of patent management philosophies: standard optometric analysis and therapies; Current adiagnostic and therapeutic techniques: Referrals and inter-disciplinary approach to patient care. Prescription and follow-up care and Advanced patient management.
Pre-requisite: OPT 503
OPT 612 GERIATRIC OPTOMETRY 2 Credits
Defining the Geriatric patient. Psychological, physiological. Social and ocular problems of the elderly. Techniques for refraction, binocularity and ocular health assessment of the elderly with emphasis on involutional andpathological changes. Special oculovisual problems of concern to the elderly patient. Presbyopia, cataracts, aphakia, visual field losses, low contrast sensitivity and colour vision. Handling and counselling the elderly patient. Problems of therapy, management and compliance. Special problems of the hospitalized and bedridden elderly patients.
LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment in geriatric optometry are learnt and practiced under routine setting
Pre-requisite: OPT 513
OPT615 ORTHOPTICS 3 Credits
An introduction to binocular vision anomalies of both the srabismic and non-strabismic patient. The treatment of problems of convergence, divergence, accommodation, fusional reserves. The detection, measurement and treatment of strabismus, eccentric, fixation, microstrabismus, etc. The prognosis for a functional or cosmetic cure of binocular vision.
LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment involved in orthoptics are learnt and practiced under routine setting
Pre-requisite: OPT 403
OPT617 NEUROPATHOLOGY 2 Credits
Headaches, migraines and other photopsic episodes, optic nerve discorders, supranuclear subnuclears, nuclear, intranclear oculo motor presentation, nystagmus.
Pre-requisite: OPT 403
OPT 625 FUNCTIONAL OPTOMETRY 2 Credits
Functional analysis of optometric syndromes, cases using the optometric Extension programme techniques: the 21 –step procedure, Application and practice of 21- step procedure, Basic behavioural optometry, Case typing and syndrome analysis. Case management.
OPT 626 ENVIRONMENTAL VISION 3 Credits
Fundamentals of visual screening especially in schools. Adaptation of vision to specific vocational needs: testing devices, analytical and demonstrative techniques in vocational prescribing. Visual efficiency, eye protection programmes in industry. Vision and highway safety.
Radiation and illumination: protection against radiation and other hazards. Evaluation & Design of lighting: Vision through the atmosphere problems of vision under water. Human factors in the solution to visual problems
Pre-requisite: OPT 410 or 420
OPT 627 ENDOCRINOLOGY AND NUTRITION 2 Credits
Basic human endocrine systems and general functions modes of action, regulation and transport. Metabolic disturbances related to dietary deficiencies and excesses.
Pre-requisite: OPT 218 or 228
OPT 628 APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY FOR OPTOMETRISTS 2 Credits
Introduction to Clinical psychology. Role of behavioural sciences in optometric practices, clinician-patient relationship. Psychopathology: identification and management, crisis intervention. Clinician-patient communication. Suggestion and hypnosis.
OPT 629 ADVANCED PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2 Credits
Financing the optometric practice; initial purchase of equipment and stock: Accounting procedures; Investments: Limited Liability Companies. Introduction to the Legal systems employment agreements.
Pre-requisite: OPT 519
OPT 699 RESEARCH PROJECT
Investigation in specialized area of optometry under the supervision of academic staff, submission and defence of a thesis embodying the results of the investigation.
Pre-requisite: OPT 519