CONTENT OF OPTOMETRY COURSES

100 LEVEL

Course No.                  Course Name                           Credits                         Semester 

CORE COURSES:

CHM 111         General Chemistry I                             3                                  1

CHM 113         Organic Chemistry I                             3                                  1

MCB111           Introductory Microbiology                         2                                        1

GST 111          Use of English I                                  2                                  1

GST 112          Philosophy and Logic                          2                                 1

PBB 111          Introduction to Plant Biology               1                                  3                      

PHY 109          Practical Physics                2                1,                                 2         

PHY 113          Vibrations, Waves & Optics                3                                  1

AEB 122          Functional Zoology                              4                                  2         

CHM 122         General Chemistry II                           3                                  2

CHM 124         Organic Chemistry II                           3                                  2

GST 121          Use of English II                                  2                                  2

GST 122          Nigerian People & Culture                   2                                  2

GST 123          History & Philosophy of

                        Science & Technology                         2                                   2

MANDATORY COURSES:

AEB 111          Introductory                                         4                                 1

CSC 110          Introduction to Computing                   3                                 1

PHY 111          Mechanics, Thermal Physics

& Properties of Matter                                                  3                                 1                                                      

                                    Core                                                      38                         

                                    Mandatory                                            10                         

                                    TOTAL                                                  50

200 LEVEL

Course No.        Course Name                                     Credits      Semester                              

CORE COURSES:

OPT 207                      Human Anatomy                     4                      1,2

OPT 210                      Geometrical Optics                  3                      1

OPT 217                      Ocular Anatomy I                    3                      1

OPT 218                      Human Physiology                  3                      1

OPT 220                      Physical Optics                                       3                   2

OPT 227                      Ocular Anatomy II                   3                      2

OPT 228                      Human Physiology II               3                      2

MANDATORY COURSES:

BCH 210         Introductory Biochemistry                   4                      1

MTH 211         Ancillary Mathematics                         3                      1

SAA 214          Social Psychology I                             2                      1

BCH 220         Functional Biochemistry                      4                      2

CSC220           Introduction to Data Processing           3                      2

PBB 224          Introductory Genetics                          3                      2

                                                                        Core     22        Mandatory  22

                                    TOTAL                        41

300 LEVEL

Course No.      Course Name                                       Credits     Semester

CORE COURSES:

OPT 310          Physiological Optics I                          3                      1

OPT 311          Ophthalmic Optics I                             3                      1

OPT 312          General Optometry I                            2                      1

OPT 316          Ocular Microbiology                            4                      1

OPT 317           Ocular Physiology                              2                      1

OPT 318            Ocular Biochemistry                          2                      1

OPT 320          Physiological Optics II                         3                      2

OPT 321          Ophthalmic Optics       II                      3                      1

OPT 322          General Optometry                              2                      2

OPT 326          Neuro-anatomy & Neuro-physiology 4                      2

OPT 327          General Pathology                               3                      2

OPT 328          General Pharmacology                         3                      2

OPT329                   Forensic Optometry                     3                      2                     

MANDATORY COURSES:

CED 300                      Entrepreneurship                     2                      1

PBB 313                      Biostatistics                              3                      1

                                                                        Core     37        Mandatory       5

                        TOTAL                        42

400 LEVEL

Course No.        Course Name                                                 Credits       Semester        

CORE COURSES:

OPT 401               Clinical & Mechanical Optics 1                  2                      1,2

OPT 403                      General Optometry Lab.                      3                      1,2

OPT 410                      Physiological Optics III                        4                      1

OPT 413                      General Optometry,

                                    Procedures       &

                                    Instrumentation  I                                3                      1

OPT 414                      Contact Lens I                                    3                       1

OPT 417                      Ocular Pathology I                               2                      1

OPT 418                      Epidemiology &

                                    Community Health      Optometry      4                      1

OPT 420                      Physiological Optics IV                       4                      2

OPT 423                      General Optometry, Procedures

                                    & Instrumentation II                            3                      2

OPT 424                      Contact Lens II                                    3                      2

OPT 427                      Ocular Pathology II                              2                      1

OPT428                       Ocular Pharmacology                          2                      2

OPT 429                      Primary Eye Care                                 3                      2

MANDATORY COURSES:

PBB 421          Genetics                                                           3                      2

SAA 441          Child Development                                          2                      1

SAA 442          Personality & Motivation                                 2                      2

                                                                                    Core     38        Mandatory7

                                    TOTAL                        45

500 LEVEL

Course No.        Course Name                         Credits                         Semester        

CORE COURSES:

OPT 500                      Outreach Programme &

                                    Hospital Practice                                  2                      Long vacation 

OPT 510                    Scientific Research Method                   2                      1

OPT 511                      Clinical Mechanical Optics II               2                      1                     

OPT 512                      Primary Care Optometry                       2                     1

OPT 513                      Primary Optometry Clinic                    3                      1

OPT 514          Contact Lens Clinic 1.                                     2                      1

OPT 515                      Pediatric Optometry                             2                      1

OPT 516                      Low Vision &

                                    Rehabilitative Optometry                     3                      1

OPT 517                      Strabismus & Amblyopia                     3                      1

OPT 519                      Practice Management                           2                      1

OPT 599                      Externship                                           8                     

                          2nd Semester & Long Vacation

                                    TOTAL                                                31       

600 LEVEL

Course No.        Course Name                                                 Credits          Semester        

CORE COURSES:

OPT 602                      Primary Optometry Clinic                    6                      1,2

OPT 604                      Specialty Optometry Clinic                  6                      1,2

OPT 609                      Research Project                                  6                      1,2

OPT 610                      Séminal in Research Topics                 3                      1

OPT 611                      Patient Management Seminar               3                      1

OPT612                       Geriatric Optometry                             2                      1

OPT615                       Orthoptics                                            3                      1

OPT617                       Neuropathology                                   2                      1

OPT625                       Functional Optometry                          2                      1

OPT626                       Environmental Vision                          3                      2

OPT627                       Endocrinology& Nutrition                   2                      2

OPT628                       Applied Psychology

                                    for Optometrists                                   2                      2

OPT629                       Advanced Practice

                                    Management                                        2                      2

MANDATORY COURSES:                 NIL

                                                            TOTAL                                    44

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

100 LEVEL

CHM111          GENERAL CHEMISTRY 1                 3 Credits

Relationship of Chemistry to other Sciences.  Atoms, subatomic particles. Isotopes molecules, Avogadro’s number.  Mole concept.  Dalton’s theory Modern concepts of atomic theory.  Laws of chemical combination relative atomic masses.

CHM122          GENERAL CHEMISTRY 11               3 Credits

Acid, Bases and Salts. Quantitative and qualitative analysis.  Theory of volumetric analysis- operations and methods.  Calculations:  Mole, Molarity  Molarlity.  Behaviour of electrolytes.  Water. Colligative properties.  Ostwald’s dilution law.  Arthenius, Bronsted Lowry. Lewis concepts and applications.  Buffers, introduction to reaction rates. Equilibria and equilibrium constants.  Solubility products.  Common effects. Precipitation reactions. Chemistry of Redox reactions.

CHM 113         ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 1                 3 Credits

General Principles of Organic Chemistry.

Introduction.  Definition of Organic Chemistry.  Classification of organic compounds.  Homologous series.  Functional group

CHM 124         ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II                 3 Credits

Polar Function Group Chemistry

 Hydroxyl Group         Alcohols and phenols.  Classification, Acidity- comparison.  Important methods of preparation.  Reaction: with metals bases. Alkyl halide Oxidation. Dehydration. Test for alcohols and phenols.

PHY 109          PRACTICAL PHYSICS                                   2 Credits

Students are expected to carry out a minimum of 12 major experiments covering the main aspects of the courses taken in the year. Pre-requisite GCE O-Level or WASC.

PHY 111          MECHANICS, THERMAL PHYSICS &          3 Credits

 PROPS OF MATTER

Scalars and Vectors.  Addition and resolution of vectors.  Rectilinear motion and newton’s law of motion.  Inertial mass and gravitational mass.  Free fall. Projectile motion, deflecting forces and circular motion.  Newton’s law of gravitation:  satellites, escape velocity.  Gravitational potential.  Potential well, special case of circular motion.  Momentum and the conservation of a momentum.  Work power energy, units.  Potential energy for a gravitational field and elastic bodies.  Kinetic energy conservation of energy.  Energy stored in a rotating body.  Kinetic energy in elastic and inelastic collisions

PHY 113          VIBRATIONS, WAVES AND OPTICS                                   3 Credits

Periodic motion of an oscillator:  Velocity and acceleration of a sinusoidal oscillation, equation of motion of a simple barmonic oscillator:  damped Oscillations; forced oscillations, resonance: propagation of longitudinal and transverse vibrations.  Wave behaviour, Reflection of waves, stationary waves, propagation of straight and circular pulses; fiber optics, diffraction, dispersion, interference, coherence, polarization.  Wave and light.  Mirrors, lenses, formation of images, lenses in contact microscope, telescope; chromatic and spherical aberrations and their reduction, Dispersion by prisms; relation between colour and wavelength; spectra.

PHY 124          ELECTROMAGNETISM AND                                    4 Credits

                      MODERN PHYSICS     

Electric field: Strength, flux and the inverse square law; electrostatic force between two charged particles; flux model for the electric field.  Energy stored in an electric field, electrical potential due to dipole.

Steady direct current: Simple circuits; potential difference, resistance, power, electromagnetic force, Kirchhoffs laws; potential divider, slide-wire potentiometer, bridge circuits, combing resistances.

AEB 111          INTRODUCTORY ANIMAL AND                 4 Credits

                    ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY

Man population growth and impact on the biosphere, Faunal biodiversity.

Invertebrata:  protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata, Platyhelminthes, Nematoda, mollusca, Annelida, Echinodermata  Vertebrata:  Cephalochordata, Pisces, Amphibia. Reptilia, Aves, Mammalia.  Mammalian Anatomy:  Anatomy of Rattus rattus.

AEB 122:         FUNCTIONAL ZOOLOGY                             4 Credits

Embryology: Gametogenesis, fertilization and cleavage as demonstrated by Amphioxus.  Genetics: the cell- and distribution of genetic material mitosis, meiosis, inheritance, sex determination and sex-linked inheritance.  Histology:  Cells, tissues, organ formation and main features.  Physiology:  Functioning of mammalian skin, muscles/skeleton, alimentary system/nutritional requirements and deficiencies.

CSC110:          INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTING              3 Credits

History of Computers. Functional compenents of a computer, characteristic of a computer, problem solving, flow charts, algorithms. BASIC computer programming statements, symbolic names; arrays, subscripts expressions and control statements.  Introduction to BASIC Programming language, computer applications.

PBB 111:         INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BIOLOGY I    3 Credits

Introduction to Botany. Prospects of a botanist.  Diversity of living organisms and habits, life forms, mode of nutrition, size shape e.g common features of organisms.  Need of arranging them into classifications.  Concepts of five Kingdom and their characteristics and possible evolutionary relationship among major groups of organisms.  A brief survey of bacteria, viruses, PPLO.  Life cycle of algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.

PBB 122:         INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BIOLOGY II   3 credits

The general morphology, anatomy.  Histology and physiology of flowering plants, seed structure, dispersal and germination, development of primary and secondary plant body, water relations, photosynthesis.                                                    

200 LEVEL

OPT 207          HUMAN ANATOMY                          4 Credits

General anatomy, with emphasis on the head, neck and thorax.. An introduction to histology and embryology.

Co-requisite: OPT 218,228.

OPT 210          GEOMETRICAL OPTICS                    3 Credits

Principles of geometrical optics including reflection and refraction, spherical and cylindrical lenses, mirrors, thin and thick lenses, lens systems, ray tracing, apertures, prisms, aberrations, lens design and optical instruments. Transpositionand specification of ophthalmic lenses.

Labortary:        Techniques learnt in geometrical optics are practiced: Object image relationship, lens systems, magnification, effect of prisms on rays; ray tracing.  Optical principles of lensometry.

2hr. lectures & 3hr Practical/week                   Pre-requisite: PHY109

OPT 217          OCULAR ANATOMY                                    3 Credits

An overview of the anatomy of the eye and structures of the orbit, eye lids, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, sclera, anterior chamber, iris, posterior chamber, lens, ciliary body and extra ocular muscles.

Labortary: Dissection of Bovine eyes to study the various parts of the eye. Human orbital bones are studied.  Slides of various orbital and ocular structures are studied.

2hr. lectures & 3hr Practical/week                   Pre-requisite: AEB122

Co- requisite:OPT207 & OPT218

OPT 218          HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY                                 3 Credits

Functional organization of the human body. General principles of physiology: Homeostasis and Homeostatic mechanisms.  The cell and its function. Excitable tissues – nerve and muscles, Body fluids and blood, Renal physiology, Respiration.                                             

Co-requisite: OPT 207

OPT 220          PHYSICAL OPTICS                            3 Credits

Principles of waves and optics: interference, diffraction, polarization, radiometry and holography.  Quantum nature of light; spectroscopy; lasers; relativistic optics.

LABORATORY:         Technique learnt in physical optics are practiced:  Effect of prism on rays.

2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week.                 Pre-requisite: PHY 109           

OPT 227          OCULAR ANATOMY II                                 3 Credits

A continuation of OPT 217. The structure of vitreous, choriod and retina. Nerve and blood supplies to the eye and orbit. Embryology and development of the eye.

Laboratory: Contd: ie Dissection of Bovie eyes to study the various parts of the eye.  Human orbital bones are studied.  Slides of various orbital and ocular structures are studied.

2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week.                 Pre-requisite: AEB 122           

Co-requisite: OPT207 & OPT218

OPT 228          HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY II                3 Credit

The nervous system: General principles and sensory physiology, Central nervous system. Autonomic nervous system, special senses. The endocrine system, Gastro-intestinal system, Reproduction, Cardiovascular system.         Co-requisite: OPT 207

300 LEVEL

OPT 310          PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS I              3 Credits

The eye as an optical instrument; Reduced and Schematic eyes; Anomalies of refraction and optical aberrations of the eye; Badel optometer, Resolution and visual acuity.

LABORATORY:  Measurements with optometer set-ups, Demonstration of Purkinje images, optical aberrations, effect of defocus on visual acuity & anomalies of refraction. Venier Acuity.

2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week.                 Pre-requisite: OPT 210                                               

OPT 311          OPHTHALMIC OPTICS I                                3 Credits

History and development of ophthalmic lenses and frames. Manufacture of spectacle materials: ophthalmic glass; plastic lenses and frames. Forms of spectacle lenses: spherical, cylindrical, toric or sphero-cylindrical and ophthalmic prisms. Single vision lens designs: base curve, surface powers, front vertex power, back vertex power, effective power. Lens neutralisation: cylindrical power and toric transposition; lensometry. Parts of frames; Frame measurements and frame designs; IPD measurement; lens and frame specifications; centration and decentration.

LABORATORY:  Materials studied in ophthalmic optics lectures are identified and studied: Tyoesm firns & structure of lenses and frames.  Parts of frames and facial measurements; methods of frame selection and patient styling; lensometry; specificastion (ordering) of lenses and frames, lens and frame designs.

2hr lectures & 3 hr. Practical/week.                 Pre-requisite: OPT 210 & 220                        

OPT 312          GENERAL OPTOMETRY I                 2 Credits

Review of optics of spherical, cylindrical, spherocylindrical or toric lenses as well as ophthalmic prisms. Trial lens set and Examination accessiories. Classification and correction of refractive errors; Introduction to accommodative and binocular anomalies; Scope of general optometric examination: case history, theory and clinical measurement of visual acuity, cover test, Maddox rod test, red lens test, Worth-4-dot test, Maddox wing test, stereoacuity and interpupillary distance

(IPD).   Class demonstrations and exercises included.

Pre-requisite: OPT 210

OPT 316          OCULAR MICROBIOLOGY                                      4 Credits

A detailed study of bacteria. Microscopy, Growth and nutrition of bacteria, Classification of bacteria (Gram-positive and Gram-negative). Cultural, morphological, structural and biochemical characteristics of bacteria.  Normal microbiota of the human eye.  Microscopic culture and sensitivity tests for microorganisms (bacteria) implicated in ocular infections.  Characteristics of viruses and fungi that infect the human eye.  Chemotherapeutic agents – the effect of antibiotics, antiviral and antifungal preparations on bacteria, viruses and fungi.

Pre-requisite: MCB 210,

OPT 317 OCULAR PHYSIOLOGY                                           2 Credits

The physiology of the eye.  Functions of the eye lids, lacrimal apparatus, conjunctiva, sclera, cornea, anterior and posterior chambers, iris, lens, cilary muscle, citreous, retina, choroids and optic nerve. Production and frainage of extra and intra ocular fluds.  Intra ocular pressure, metabolism

Pre-requisite: OPT 217 or 227

OPT 318          OCULAR BIOCHEMISTRY                            2 Credits

Biochemical analysis of tear film, aqueous humour and vitreous humour.  Structure, metabolism and maintenance of transparency in the cornea and crystalline lens.  Structure and biochemical functions of ocular pigments, with emphasis on those of uvea and retina.  Biochemistry of rods and cones: processes involved in visual perception and biochemical factors in the development of anomalous photopic, scoptopic and color vision perception.

LABORATORY: Selected experiments from ocular biochemistry lecture.

Pre-requisites:BCH 210 or 220                                                          

OPT 320          PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS II             3 Credits

The extraocular muscles, their eletrophysiological actions, and innervational systems.  Accommodation, convergence, the AC/A ratio and binocular coordination.  Fusion, fusional vergence, retinal disparities and the horopter.

LABORATORY: Demonstration of papillary, accommodative and convergence functions fixation patterns; Versions and Vergences; Fusion and Panum’s fusional area; phoria, tropia and horopter studies; Stereoacuity, associated phorias and fixation disparity.

2hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical/week.     Prerequisite: OPT 220                                                

OPT 321          OPHTHALMIC OPTICS II                  3 Credits

Bifocal and multifocal lens designs: base curve and near ADD, types and specification of bifocal segments, trifocals; Absoptive lenses: Coats, tints and dyes; impact resistant, protective and occupational lens designs; fashionable lenses and frames; spectacle accessories; aphakic lens designs; optics of contact lenses and low vision devices.

LABORATORY: Continuation of OPT311 LAB.

2hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical week.     Pre-requisite: OPT 210 or 220                                   

OPT 322          GENERAL OPTOMETRY II               2 Credits

Preliminary external tests continued.  Clinical procedure and significance of the findings from penlight inspection, transillumination, pupillary test, versions and vergence tests, far and near points of accommodation (PR & PP), RAF rule, placido disc.  Munson sign, ocular palpation, confrontation visual field methods, Amsler grid, and colour vision tests: Ishihara/pseudoisochromatic plates, lantern test, Farnsworth D15 and 100 Hue tests; Ophthalmoscopy; Direct and monocular indirect.     

Class demonstration and exercises included.

Pre-requisite: OPT 210

OPT 326 NEUROPHYSIOLOGY AND NEURO-PHYSIOLOGY        4 Credits

General neurophysiology & neurophysiology: neuron structure, individual neuron physiology, electrophysiological recordings, neural networks and information processing in neurons; overview of retinal anatomy and visual pathway: photoreceptors, first and second order neurons of the retina, optic radiation, cortical connections, Brofman’s classification of the brain: superior colliculus: parietal region; cerebellum midbrain, frontal fields; pontine gaze center Efinger Wesphal nucleus; vestibular imputto the eyes. Cranial nerves serving the eyes: Neurophysiology of retina; Neurophysiology of retina; Neurophysiology of electroretinogram (ERG); Electrophysiology of the visual system:  Centre – surround configuration; transient and sustained cells, X, Y, W categories, Boycott and Dowling Schema; precolliculus and superior colliculus features; Tectal Oculomotor control; Lateral geniculate physiology; striate and prestriate cortex (in cat & monkey); visual imput to perietal and temporal lobes, the limbic system and prefrontal cortex; Effects of cortical and tectal lesions and eye movements; clinical implications of visual evoked potential (VER) and Electroretinogram (ERG).

Pre-requisite: OPT 201, 227

OPT 327          GENERAL PATHOLOGY                                           3 Credits

Introduction to the study of disease: Health, Causes of disease, Branches of pathology.  Fundamental pathological processes: Cellular injuries, Cellular degeneration, Cellular adaptations (sublethal cellular injuries), Cell death, Neoplasia, Inflammation.  Immunology/Immunopathologies: hypoimmunity, hyperimmunuty, autoimmunity and transplant rejection. Fluid and haemodynamic derangements: oedema, dehydration, hyperaenia and congestion, ischaemia, haemorrhage, shock and obstruction toblood flow.  Disease of organ systems: Hypertension, heart disorders, diabetes mellitus etc.    Pre-quisite: OPT 218, 228      

OPT 328          GENERAL PHARMACOLOGY                                  3 Credits

General principles of pharmacology; principles and classification of autonomic drugs. Drug receptor interactions, Dose response relationship. Autonomic nervous system pharmacology, Anti-inflammatory drugs, Chemotherapeutic agents.

Pre-requisite:BCH 220 or 220

OPT 329          LEGAL & FORENSIC OPTOMETRY                          3 Credits

The development of optometry as a profession and it relationship with other allied health-care professions including opticians and ophthalmologists.  The function and scope of the optometrist and other vision-care professionals at present and in the future.  Legal recognition of optometry and the role of professional organizations.  Practice of Optometry in Nigeria:  Road to legal recognition, code of ethics and in-depth study of the optometric practice decree; Role of the Nigerian Optometric Association, World Council of optometry and Association of African optometric Educators; Scope of Modern optometric practice and survey of its development worldwide.    Legal requirements in the practice of optometry:  Rules of professional conduct, Basic concepts of jurisprudence. The optometrist in court and the requirement for expert evidence.

            Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) extraction, DNA Amplification. Use of Marker-assisted Selection Technique Hybridization, Genome Selection (DNA) Profiling/DNA Mechanism

400 LEVEL

OPT 401          CLINICAL& MECHANICAL OPTICS1                      2 Credits

Lens surfacing, polishing and glazing techniques; grinding of prismatic and cylindrical lenses; front bench spectacle works and verification; patient fitting, spectacle adjustments and repairs.  Manufacture of contact lenses and ocular prosthesis.

1hr lecture & 3hr. Practical/week.        Pre-requisite: OPT 311, 321.

OPT 403          GENERAL OPTOMTRY LAB.                                    3 Credits

Techniques of routine eye examination are practised and developed.  Integration and assessment of clinical findings are also practised.  Ocular diagnostic techniques are also practised and developed  preparatory to examining patients.

Pre-requisite: OPT 312, 322

OPT 410          PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS III                                    4 Credits

The photochemistry of vision.  Sensory aspects of vision, thresholds and adaptation. The mechanisms of colour vision, colour vision defects, their detection and significance.  Electrophysiology of the retina and visual pathways.

LABORATORY: Pulfrich phenomenon, colour vision tests, visual threshold experiments.  Dark adaptation test, Electrophysiological techniques.  Text of stereopsis, optical illusion experiments and leaf room.

3hr. lectures & 3hr practical/week.     Pre-requisite: OPT 310, 320

OPT 412          EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH OPTOMETRY                                                                                                                              4 Credits

            Consideration for prevalent diseases that are of interest to the optometrist: systemic diseases with ocular aberrations; General epidemiologic concept.  Distribution and dynamics of diseases.  Natural history, decision analyisis and clinical decision making, study design and review. Ocular and general emergencies. Pre-requisite: PBB 315, OPT318                                              

OPT 413          GENERAL OPTOMETRIC PROCEDURE

                                    & RUMENTATION I                                      3 Credits

            Routine optometric examination and instrumentation; review of preliminary external tests  theory, principles of operation of optometric tonometry, perimetry, slit lamp niomicroscopy, applanation tonometry (including Goldmann, NCT and Tonomat), gonioscopy, fundoscopy (including direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy) Basic maintenance and repairs of common optometric instruments.     Pre-requisite: OPT312 or 322

OPT 414          CONTACT LENS I                                                      3 Credits

            History and development of contact lenses and their physical and optical properties.  The anatomical and physiological implications of contact lens wear.  Patient selection and contraindications to contact lens wear.  Basic fitting techniques and contact lens designs.  Assessing success of contact lens wear and therapy.     

LABORATORY :  Prefitting examination: verification, lens modification (Hard lens) ordering and dispensing.

2hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical/week.     Pre-requisite:  OPT316 or 317                                    

OPT 417          OCULAR PATHOLOGY I                                          2 Credits

Classification of ocular disease processes, mechanism, ocular pathology. SOAP format. Disease od eyelid and adnexia, tear film, conjunctiva, cornea, episclera and sclera:  their signs and symptoms, clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management.  Differential diagnosis of anterior segment conditions.  Clinical work is included.

Pre-requisite: OPT 327 or328                                                

OPT 420          PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS IV                                   4 Credits

The perception of depth, direction, size, shape, distance, motion and time through the visual medium.  Optical illusions and entopic phenomena: their causes and significance to the visual system.

LABORATORY: Continuation of OPT410 Lab.

3hr. lectures & 3hr. practical/week.     Pre-requisite: OPT310 or 320

OPT 423          GENERAL OPTOMETRY PROCEDURES & INSTRUMENTATION ll                                                         3 Credits

Routine optometric examination continued.  Theory, clinical procedure and result interpretation in keratometry, retinoscopy, subjective refraction, phorometry, presbyopia and near tests; graphical analysis; measurement of associated phoria, disparometry and polaroid tests.  Introduction to case analysis and integration of individual findings.

Pre-requisite: OPT 312,322                                                    

OPT 424          CONTACT  LENS II                                                    3 Credits

Astigmatism and advanced fitting techniques for high astimatic patients with front surface toric, Back surface toric and bitoric contact lenses; Keratoconus and contact lens designs for management:  Presbyopia and management with contact lenses orthokeratology: Lens care system and complications associated with contact lens wear and their management.

LABORATORY: Continuation of OPT414 Lab.

3hr. lectures & 3hr. Practical/week.     Pre-requisite: OPT 316,317

OPT 427          OCULAR PATHOLOGY II                            2 Credits

            Diseases of the iris, ciliary body, lens, choroids, Glaucoma, vitreous, retina and optic nerve disorders: their signs and symptoms, clinical presentation, pathophysiology diagnosis and management. Differential diagnosis of posterior segment disorders, Oculo-systemic diseases, Ocular emergencies.    Pre-requisite: OPT 327 or 328

OPT 428          OCULAR PHARMACOLOGY                                    2 Credits

            Principles of Ocular pharmacology and prescription writing. Adrenergic: against and antagonist, Cholinergic: agonist and antagonist, Anti-glaucoma drugs, ocular/local anesthetics, Anti-allergic drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, Anti-infective agents.  Diagnostic aids in optometry.

Pre-requisite: OPT 327 or 328

OPT 429          PRIMARY EYE CARE                                    3 Credits

            Primary Eye Care: definitions and components.  History of primary eye care in Nigeria; Management of eye emergencies: foreign body, corneal lacerations, hyphema, lid laceration, burns, perforation of the eye: Acute onset of conditions and treatment: conjunctivitis (e.g pus in new borns), corneal ulcer, xerophthalmia (blinding. Vit A deficiency), acute glaucoma and painful red eye with or without visual loss. Gradual onset of conditions and treatment: Trachoma, Trichiasis, Pterygium, Vit. A deficiency, chronic glaucoma and cataract. Commnity Eye Care and Vision 2020 programme. Currect trends in primary eye care.

500 LEVEL

OPT 500          OUTREACH PROGRAMME & HOSPITAL PRACTICE                                                                                                                                 2 Credits

            Long vacation community eye care and vision 2020 programme: Field trips to rural communities to deliver eye-care services and survey of endemic eye and vision problems under WHO Vision 2020.  The Right to Sight Programme.  Participation in eye-care programme for schools, industries and institutions for the les privilege.  Rotation within hospital eye clinics.

OPT510           SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH METHODS                         2 Credits

            Introduction to the basic principles of scientific research:  Definition of scientific problems: Review of current literature.  Experimental design: Data collection, Analysis of data, Review of statistical methods and Interpretation of results; Conclusion and Referencing, Format for project write-up and presentation.

OPT 511          CLINICAL & MECHANICAL OPTICS II                   2 Credits         

            Postings to optical dispensing display room to handle patients referred for spectacle dispensing: patients’ facial measurements, frame selection and patients’ styling, ophthalmic laboratory job order writing and billing, ordering of the prescription: front bench dispensing and verification of orders received: patients’ fiting and spectacle adjustments: emergency frame repairs.

Pre-requisite OPT 401

OPT 512          PRIMARY CARE OPTOMETRY                                2 Credits

            Clinical optometric records: gathering of clinical data: case analysis.  Syndrome classification, problem oriented optometric record approach and SOAP formation.  Clinical interviews: optometric management of common clinical problems:  Headaches, refractive problems, binocular anomalies, eyelid problems, anterior segment disorders, posterior segment disorders and ocular emergencies: Intra-professional referrals.

Pre-requisite: OPT 413 or 423                                    Co-requisite: OPT 503

OPT 513          PRIMARY OPTOMETRY CLINIC                              3 Credits

Examination, diagnosis and treatment of patients in the optometry clinic under the supervision of an Optometrist.  Emphasis is placed on routine optometric examination and detection of pathology

Pre-requisite: OPT 403

OPT514. CONTACT LENS CLINIC I                                                    2 Credits

            Examination, diagnosis and treatment of patients in the optometry clinic under the supervision of an Optometrist.  Emphasis is placed on routine optometric examination and detection of pathology.

Pre-requisite: OPT 414 or 424

OPT 515          PEDIATRIC OPTOMETRY                 2 Credits

            A review of the development of vision and the distribution of refractive errors among infants, common congenital disorders, clinical assessment procedure for the young patient (birth through elementary school), identification of learning disorders and recommendation of appropriate remedial programme.

LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment in pediatric optometry are learnt and practiced under routine setting.

Co – requisite: OPT 503

OPT 516          LOW VISION & REHABILITATIVE OPTOMETRY   3 Credits

            Principle of low vision, magnification, telescopic system, microscopic systems and magnifiers.  The definition and etiology of low vision, prognosis and management, illumination control, optical and non-optical aids. Ocular prostheses. Aniseikonia.

LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment in low vision and rehabilitative optometry are learnt and practiced under routing setting,

Pre-requisite: OPT 403

OPT 517          STRABISMUS AND AMBLYOPIA                            3 Credits

            Requisites for normal binocular vision.  Incidence and classification of strabismus and amblyopia.  Neurophysiological basis for binocular vision.  Causes of strabismus and amblyopia. Adaptive conditions commonly associated with strabismus.  Clinical characteristics of eyes with amblyopia.  Routine examination of strabismic patient and anisometropic amblyopia lectures are practiced with basic instrumentation.

Pre-requisite: OPT 410

OPT 519          PRACTICE MANAGEMENT                                      2 Credits

The various modes of practice; single; partnership, group practice, employed practice in hospitals, government and industry.  The development and management of an optometric practice.  Office location and layout, and the development of inter and intraprofessional relationships.

Pre-requisites: CED300

OPT 599          EXTERNSHIP                                     8 Credits

            Six months (i.e 2nd Semester 500L to end of Long Vacation) industrial and clinical attachment and rotation for ophthalmic optical laboratory and dispensing experience, solo practice, as well as, optometric instrumentation and patient care provided in hospital, or multidisciplinary health care setting (external to the University) by students under strict supervision.

Pre-requisites: OPT 503

600 LEVEL

OPT 602          PRIMARY OPTOMETRY CLINIC AND

                        SOLO PRACTICE                                                       8 Credits

            Rotation for clinical practice within University Optometry Clinics and external solo practices with emphasis on total scope of optometric patient care including general care of children, adults and geriatric population; diagnosis of ocular diseases; routine contact lens care, visual training and ophthalmic dispensing.

Pre-requisites: OPT 503

Co-requisites: OPT 601

OPT 604          SPECIALTY OPTOMETRY CLINICS                                     6 Credits

            Clinical examination, diagnosis, and management of referred cases for specialist optometric management: contact lens patients’ care: care of children’s vision from infancy to adolescent age: visual training and orthoptics, low vision and other forms of visual impairment; adults with involutional eye and vision problems; occupational vision assessment and management.

Pre-requisites:, 513, 524 & 525

Co-requisites: OPT 602

OPT 609          RESEARCH PROJECT                                                            6 Credits

            Investigation in specialized areas of optometry under the supervision of academic staff, submission and defence of a thesis embodying the results of the investigation.

Pre-requisites: OPT 513

OPT 610          SEMINAR IN RESEARCH TOPICS                3 Credits

            Recent developments in Optometry, Current research methods, their advantages and disadvantages, Review of current literature.  Current diagnositic and therapeutic techniques: advantages and drawbacks. Progress of student research project.

.Pre-requisites: OPT 503

Co-requisites: OPT 60

OPT 611          PATIENT MANAGEMENT SEMINARS         3 Credits

            Seminars and clinical rounds:  Case presentation & discussions of patent management philosophies: standard optometric analysis and therapies; Current adiagnostic and therapeutic techniques:  Referrals and inter-disciplinary approach to patient care.  Prescription and follow-up care and  Advanced patient management.

Pre-requisite: OPT 503

OPT 612          GERIATRIC OPTOMETRY                            2 Credits

            Defining the Geriatric patient.  Psychological, physiological. Social and ocular problems of the elderly.  Techniques for refraction, binocularity and ocular health assessment of the elderly with emphasis on involutional andpathological changes.  Special oculovisual problems of concern to the elderly patient.  Presbyopia, cataracts, aphakia, visual field losses, low contrast sensitivity and colour vision.  Handling and counselling the elderly patient.  Problems of therapy, management and compliance.  Special problems of the hospitalized and bedridden elderly patients.

LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment in geriatric optometry are learnt and practiced under routine setting

Pre-requisite: OPT 513

OPT615           ORTHOPTICS                                                 3 Credits         

            An introduction to binocular vision anomalies of both the srabismic and non-strabismic patient.  The treatment of problems of convergence, divergence, accommodation, fusional reserves.  The detection, measurement and treatment of strabismus, eccentric, fixation, microstrabismus, etc.  The prognosis for a functional or cosmetic cure of binocular vision.

LABORATORY: Clinical procedures, instrumentation and assessment involved in orthoptics are learnt and practiced under routine setting

Pre-requisite: OPT 403

OPT617           NEUROPATHOLOGY                                                2 Credits

            Headaches, migraines and other photopsic episodes, optic nerve discorders, supranuclear subnuclears, nuclear, intranclear oculo motor presentation, nystagmus.

Pre-requisite: OPT 403

OPT 625          FUNCTIONAL OPTOMETRY                                    2 Credits

            Functional analysis of optometric syndromes, cases using the optometric Extension programme techniques: the 21 –step procedure, Application and practice of 21- step procedure, Basic behavioural optometry, Case typing and syndrome analysis. Case management.

OPT 626          ENVIRONMENTAL VISION                          3 Credits

            Fundamentals of visual screening especially in schools. Adaptation of vision to specific vocational needs: testing devices, analytical and demonstrative techniques in vocational prescribing.  Visual efficiency, eye protection programmes in industry.  Vision and highway safety. 

Radiation and illumination: protection against radiation and other hazards.  Evaluation & Design of lighting: Vision through the atmosphere problems of vision under water.  Human factors in the solution to visual problems

Pre-requisite: OPT 410 or 420

OPT 627          ENDOCRINOLOGY AND NUTRITION                     2 Credits

            Basic human endocrine systems and general functions modes of action, regulation and transport.  Metabolic disturbances related to dietary deficiencies and excesses.

Pre-requisite: OPT 218 or 228

OPT 628          APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY FOR OPTOMETRISTS                                                                                                                                          2 Credits

            Introduction to Clinical psychology. Role of behavioural sciences in optometric practices, clinician-patient relationship.  Psychopathology: identification and management, crisis intervention.  Clinician-patient communication. Suggestion and hypnosis.

OPT 629          ADVANCED PRACTICE MANAGEMENT                2 Credits

            Financing the optometric practice; initial purchase of equipment and stock: Accounting procedures; Investments: Limited Liability Companies. Introduction to the Legal systems employment agreements.

Pre-requisite: OPT 519

OPT 699    RESEARCH PROJECT

Investigation in specialized area of optometry under the supervision of academic staff, submission and defence of a thesis embodying the results of the investigation.

Pre-requisite: OPT 519

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