LIST OF COURSES

100 LEVEL – FIRST SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB 111Introduction to Plant Biology I3C
AEB 111Introductory Zoology4M
CHM111General Chemistry I3M
CHM 113Organic Chemistry I3M
PHY111Mechanics, Thermal Physics and & Properties of Matter3M
PHY113Vibration, Waves and Optics3M
GST111Use of English I2M
GST 112Philosophy and Logic2M
Total Credits 23

100 LEVEL – SECOND SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB 122Introduction to Plant Biology II3C
AEB 122Functional Zoology4M
CHM 122General Chemistry II3M
CHM 124Organic Chemistry II3M
PHY109Practical Physics2M
PHY124Electromagnetism and Modem Physics4E
GST121Use of English II2M
GST 122Nigerian Peoples and Culture2M
GST 123History and Philosophy of Science2M
Total Credits 25

Remarks on New Curriculum

Total credits at 100 Level = 23 + 25 = 48

Notes: C = Core; M = Mandatory; e = Elective.

Total credits at 100 Level 23+25=48.

Students on the 4-year programe require a minimum of 30 credits at the 100 level for graduating.

200 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB 211Introductory Ecology3C
PBB212Bryology and Pteridology3C
PBB 213Introductory Mycology and Lichenology3C
PBB 215Plant Biochemistry4C
AEB 211Environmental Ecology4E
CHM211Organic Chemistry3M
CSC212Symbolic Programming in FORTRAN3M
MCB211General Microbiology I3M
    
Total Credits 26

200 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB 224Introductory Genetics3C
PBB226Higher Plants3C
PBB227Environmental Botany3C
PBB228Introductory Biotechnology3C
CHM205Practical Chemistry II2M
CHM221Inorganic Chemistry2E
MCB220General Microbiology II3M
PBB229*Anatomy and Morphology of  Flowering Plants3C
CED300**Entrepreneurship**2**M
Total Credits 24

Remarks on New Curriculum

Total credits at 200 Level = 26 + 24 = 50

Notes: C = Core; M = Mandatory; e = Elective

*Course has been moved from a second semester to first semester status

**Credit load of CED300 is computed with 300 level courses

300 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB3 11Plant Taxonomy, Botanical Garden/Design and Maintenance4C
PBB312*Cell Biology4C
PBB313Bioemetrics3M
PBB314Scientific Research and Communication Skills2M
PBB315Whole Plant Physiology3C
PBB316Phycology4C
PBB317*Metabolic Plant Physiology3M
PBB319Biological Techniques4M
AEB315Introductory Hydrobiology4E
MCB310Bacteriology4M
Total Credits 35

300 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB399SIWES6M
 
 
 
 
Total Credits 6

Remarks on New Curriculum

Total credits at 300 Level = 35 + 06 = 41

Notes: C = Core; M = Mandatory; e = Elective

*Course has been moved from a second semester to first semester status

*Credit load of CED300 is computed with 300 level courses

400 LEVEL FIRST SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB412Molecular Biology3M
PBB413Economic Botany3M
PBB414Plant Growth and Development3M
PBB415Plant Ecology3C
PBB417*Taxonomy, Morphology and Physiology of Fungi4M
PBB418*Paleobotany2M
PBB419Cytogenetics3M
Total Credits 15

400 LEVEL SECOND SEMESTER

NEW
COURSE CODETITLECREDITSTATUS
PBB400+Honours Option6M
PBB407+Seminar2M
PBB421Genetics3C
BB423Limnology3M
PBB427Principles of Plant Pathology3C
PBB499Honours Research Project6C
Total Credits 23

Remarks on New Curriculum

Total credits at 400 Level = 21 + 23 = 44

Notes: C = Core; M = Mandatory; e = Elective

*Course has been moved from a second semester to first semester status

*Credit load of CED300 is computed with 300 level courses

+Courses (PBB400 and PBB407) is for both 1st and 2nd  semesters at 400 Level

H. COURSE DESCRIPTION

100 LEVEL

PBB 111: INTRODUCTORY PLANT BIOLOGY I (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Introduction to Botany. Prospects of a botanist. Diversity of living organisms and habits, life forms, mode of nutrition, size, shape e.g. common features of organisms. Need of arranging them into classifications. Concept of five Kingdom and their characteristics and possible evolutionary relationship among major groups of organisms. A brief survey of bacteria, viruses, PPLO. Life cycle of algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 122: INTRODUCTORY PLANT BIOLOGY II (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

The general morphology, anatomy. Histology and physiology of flowering plants. Seed structure, dispersal and germination. Development of primary and secondary plant body. Water relations. Photosynthesis, translocation and storage organs. Respiration (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

200 LEVEL

PBB 211: INTRODUCTORY ECOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Themes of ecology: autecology and synecology, historical aspects. Current trends in eclogy. Plant community hypotheses. Concepts of ecosystem: food chains, webs, interaction between plants and animals. Ecological groups: hydrophytes, halophytes, xerophytes, epiphytes and mesophytes. The effect of physical environment on plants. Climatic, biotic and topographic factors (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 212: BRYOLOGY AND PTERIDOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Origin of Bryophytes and Pteridophytes. Tropical bryology and pteridology. Nomenclature of bryophytes and pteridophytes. Moss flora. General taxonomy. Ecology of bryophytes. Classification. Ecology of bryophytes and pteridophytes. Characteristics (gametophytic and sporophytic). Life cycle of selected groups. Phylogeny of bryophytes. World red light of bryophytes. Morphology and anatomy of bryophytes. Economic importance. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 213: INTRODUCTORY MYCOLOGY AND LICHENOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

A systematic, evolutionary and phylogenetic study of fungi and algae with reference to their ecology and importance to man. Distribution and diversity of lichens. Ultrastructure, cytology and physiology of lichens. Lichens as bioremediators of pollution. Lichen systematics. Vegetative morphology. Reproductive morphology and development of lichens. Lichens photobionts. Characteristics of association. Economic importance. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 215: PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Chemical substances which make up life. General survey of carbohydrate, lipids and proteins. Morphology of cells/organelles and viruses. Introduction to enzymes. The photosynthesic apparatus and the structure of chlorophylls. The bacterial cell wall and the viral coat. Membranes and transport across them. Glycolysis, TCA cycle and electron transport. Enzyme of primary metabolism. Fatty acid and amino acid oxidation. photophosphorylation, carbondioxification and photorespiration. Plant energy transformation. Plant phenolics, lignins, flavonoids and alkaloids. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 224: INTRODUCTORY GENETICS (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Chromosomes number and their interpretations. Chromosomes mechanisms in mitosis and meiosis. Genetic and non-genetic variations. Mendelian inheritance. Linkage and crossing over. Mechanisms of sex determination. Sex linked inheritance. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 226: HIGHER PLANTS (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

a survey of the evolution, morphology, ecology and importance to man of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. A study of the major types of development of embryo in Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

COURSE OUTLINE

100 LEVEL

PBB 111: INTRODUCTORY PLANT BIOLOGY I (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Introduction to Botany. Prospects of a botanist. Diversity of living organisms and habits, life forms, mode of nutrition, size, shape e.g. common features of organisms. Need of arranging them into classifications. Concept of five Kingdom and their characteristics and possible evolutionary relationship among major groups of organisms. A brief survey of bacteria, viruses, PPLO. Life cycle of algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 122: INTRODUCTORY PLANT BIOLOGY II (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

The general morphology, anatomy. Histology and physiology of flowering plants. Seed structure, dispersal and germination. Development of primary and secondary plant body. Water relations. Photosynthesis, translocation and storage organs. Respiration (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

200 LEVEL

PBB 211: INTRODUCTORY ECOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Themes of ecology: autecology and synecology, historical aspects. Current trends in eclogy. Plant community hypotheses. Concepts of ecosystem: food chains, webs, interaction between plants and animals. Ecological groups: hydrophytes, halophytes, xerophytes, epiphytes and mesophytes. The effect of physical environment on plants. Climatic, biotic and topographic factors (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 212: BRYOLOGY AND PTERIDOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Origin of Bryophytes and Pteridophytes. Tropical bryology and pteridology. Nomenclature of bryophytes and pteridophytes. Moss flora. General taxonomy. Ecology of bryophytes. Classification. Ecology of bryophytes and pteridophytes. Characteristics (gametophytic and sporophytic). Life cycle of selected groups. Phylogeny of bryophytes. World red light of bryophytes. Morphology and anatomy of bryophytes. Economic importance. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 213: INTRODUCTORY MYCOLOGY AND LICHENOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

A systematic, evolutionary and phylogenetic study of fungi and algae with reference to their ecology and importance to man. Distribution and diversity of lichens. Ultrastructure, cytology and physiology of lichens. Lichens as bioremediators of pollution. Lichen systematics. Vegetative morphology. Reproductive morphology and development of lichens. Lichens photobionts. Characteristics of association. Economic importance. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 215: PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Chemical substances which make up life. General survey of carbohydrate, lipids and proteins. Morphology of cells/organelles and viruses. Introduction to enzymes. The photosynthesic apparatus and the structure of chlorophylls. The bacterial cell wall and the viral coat. Membranes and transport across them. Glycolysis, TCA cycle and electron transport. Enzyme of primary metabolism. Fatty acid and amino acid oxidation. photophosphorylation, carbondioxification and photorespiration. Plant energy transformation. Plant phenolics, lignins, flavonoids and alkaloids. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 224: INTRODUCTORY GENETICS (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Chromosomes number and their interpretations. Chromosomes mechanisms in mitosis and meiosis. Genetic and non-genetic variations. Mendelian inheritance. Linkage and crossing over. Mechanisms of sex determination. Sex linked inheritance. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 226: HIGHER PLANTS (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

a survey of the evolution, morphology, ecology and importance to man of Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. A study of the major types of development of embryo in Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 227: ENVIRONMENTAL BOTANY (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Pollution (air, land, water) and climate change. Waste management. Resource use (including agriculture, fishing and other harvesting, oil and other energy sources, other raw materials). Population growth and increasing resource demands. Environmental assessment (baseline studies, environmental sensitivity index, environmental impact assessment, risk assessment, decision analysis). Water quality assessment and bio-indicators. Remediation of contaminated sites and other environmental damages (3 lectures/week).

PBB 228: INTRODUCTORY BIOTECHNOLOGY (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

History and applications of DNA/RNA technology. Introduction and expression of foreign genes in plants. Modern techniques in plant genome modification. Methods and vectors for transformation. Gene mapping and germplasm collections. Improvement of plant resistance. Production of valuable materials in plants. History of plant biotechnology for economic, agricultural, nutritional, medicinal and societal relevance and regulatory issues. Bioethics. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB229: ANATOMY AND MORPHOLOGY OF FLOWERING PLANTS (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Organisation of meristem. Cell tissue and organ differentiation. Development of lateral organs. Phyllotaxy: Anomalous structure. Evolution of vascular tissues. Comparative study of gymnosperm and angiosperm woods. Anatomy of plants growing in different ecological areas. (2 lectures, 1 practical/week)

PBB 299: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING (2 CREDITS)

Three months attachment to field and industrial experience.

300 LEVEL

PBB 311: PLANT TAXONOMY, BOTANICAL GARDEN/DESIGN AND MAINTENANCE (4 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Floral morphology and evolution of floral structures. Principles and practice of flowering plant taxonomy, emphasizing the phylogenetic relationship and evolutionary features in classification. Detailed study of selected locally important families (students are required to submit a collection of fifty well pressed herbarium specimens). Botanical library and taxonomic literature. Use of herbarium. Collecting, objectives and planning of herbarium and botanic gardens. Use of landscapes, tools and equipment to care for and maintain plants. Constructing landscape features, reading and interpreting draft landscape design.

Pre-requisite: PBB 226 (2 lectures, 2 practicals/week).

PBB 312: CELL BIOLOGY (4 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

The physical properties of protoplasm, pH and buffers. Amino acids, proteins carbohydrates and lipids. Enzyme action, glycolysis and subtrate levelphosphorylation.nature and properties of the bacterial and higher plant cell walls. The organelles and their functions (3 lectures, 1 practical/week)

PBB 313: BIOMETRICS (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Population and samples, probability distribution, Normal, Poisson and Binomial distributions. Mean, standard error, standard deviation, cub fitting, CHI-TEST. Student t-test. F-distribution, Regression, Correlation coefficient. Analysis of Variance (one way and two way). (3 lectures/week).

PBB 314: SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND COMMUNICATION SKILLS (2 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Sources of information. Use of library. The art of scientific writing. Simple application of computer and internet use- browsing techniques. Search engines, use of e-facilities in relation to biological sciences. Representation of data as oral and poster. Seminar presentation, report writing. Research design, project planning, work plan and budget. (2 lectures/week).

PBB 315: WHOLE PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

(For Botany Majors only) Principles of cell water relations: plant water relations including the importance of environmental factors. Properties of water in relation to processes in the living plant. Morphological adaptations of plants to water status of the habitat, Water uptake and movement. The ascent of sap. Mineral nutrition. Mechanism of nutrient uptake and translocation. Role of macro and micro nutrient elements. Ion deficiency symptoms (2 lectures, 1 practical/week)

PBB 316: PHYCOLOGY (4 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Algal classification, structure, reproduction. Life histories of main groups. Phytoplankton, Physiology and ecology of algae. Evolution and adaptation of algae. Algae diversity (Periphyton, Epiphyton, Epilithic, Episamic and Benthic algae- freshwater, oceanic and estuarine algae). Practicals (use of keys: sampling techniques of phytoplankton, benthic algae and periphyton).

Pre-requisite: PBB 213 (3 lectures, 1 practical/week)

PBB 317: METABOLIC PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

(For Botany Majors only). Photosynthesis, CO as gaseous nutrient. The photosynthetic apparatus and light absorption. Calvin cycle, C3 pathway, C4 photosynthesis, photorespiration. Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM). Photosynthesis and chemosynthesis in micro-organisms. Translocation pathway and mechanism of the process hypothesis Nitrogen metabolism. Nitrogen cycle, symbiotic and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Absorption of nitrogen by plants. Amino acid formations amides proteins and alkaloids. Respiration: glycolysis and anaerobic pathway. Krebs cycle. Pentose shunt. Control of respiration; respiratory enzymes; measurement of respiration rate.

Pre-requisite: CHM 211, CHM 221 (2 lectures, 1 practical/week)

PBB 319: BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES (4 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

(For Botany Majors only). Basic research techniques in Biological sciences including manometry, spectrophotometry, chromatography, isotope methods, advanced microscopy. Staining and preparation of permanent slides including the use of microtome. Sterilization and culture techniques. Presentation and interpretation of biological data. Plant tissue culture techniques (4 practicals/week)

PBB 399: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING (6 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Six months attachment to field and industrial experience.

400 LEVEL

Only students of 400 Level standing may register of the following courses.

PBB 400: HONOURS OPTION (A-F, 3 X 2 = 6 Credits)

A.        Production Botany (2 Credits)

            Mushroom Science, Plant Propagation. Seed Science, yield physiology (8.7.7.8 hours)

B.         Environmental Botany (2 Credits)

            Aerobiology spores. Palynology, Pollution (10 hours each).

C.         Protection and preservation Botany (2 Credits)

Pathology of Field Crops (examples to include bacteria, fungi and viral diseases) Post-harvest Biology (Pathology and Physiology) Weed Science (12, 10, 8 hours)

D.        Plant Resources Management (2 Credits)

            Plant Conservation, Plant Breeding, Plant Genetic Resources Evaluation (10 hours each)

E.         Biotechnology (2 Credits)

Aims and Objectives of Biotechnology. Cell and Tissue Culture, Genetic engineering, Microrganisms in Biotechnology (7, 7, 8, 8 hours).

F.         Ethnobotany, Under-Exploited Species, Wood Science (2 Credits)

            As above stated,10 hours each

Note:    (i) The above allocation of hours is based on NUC definition of 1 unit as 1 lecture hour or 3 hours of practical/week. Students to take only three from options A to F. (2 x 3 = 6 Credits).

PBB 407: SEMINAR (2 CREDITS, FIRST AND SECOND SEMESTERS)

PBB 412: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Structure and function of DNA and RNA. The genetic code. Mechanism of protein synthesis. Regulation of protein biosynthesis and implications For control of growth and differentiation. Genetic engineering.

Pre-requisite: PBB 322 (3 lectures/week)

PBB 413: ECONOMIC BOTANY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

The origin, history, sources, taxonomy, morphology, ecology and uses of the economic plants of West Africa. A few example, which may vary from year to year, are to be chosen from all groups of plants (food, fibre, medical, forage, cereals, timber, etc). (3 lectures/week)

PBB 414: PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

(For Botany Majors only). The role of growth regulators (auxins, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene and abscisic acid). Tropism and dormancy. Solar radiation and plant development.physiology of flowering.

Pre-requisite: CHM 211 and CHM 221 (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 415: PLANT ECOLOGY (3 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Description and classification of vegetation. Types of vegetation in west Africa. Quantitative methods for the study of vegetation; vegetation dynamics. Autecology and synecology. The course includes a short autecology project.

Pre-requisite: PBB 211 and PBB 311 (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 417: TAXONOMY, MORPHOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF FUNGI (4 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

Structure organization and taxonomy of the fungi. Reproduction and life cycles of the main groups.sexuality in fungi.spore production and dissemination and germination, growth of mycelium. Morphogenetic factors. Role of nutritional and physical factors in fungal reproduction. Fungi interactions with other organisms; mycorrhiza, lichens and their importance. Spore production and dissemination structure of the spore,germination of spore and factors affecting germination. Growth of mycelium, morphogenetic factors. Fungal reproduction the role of nutritional and physical factors in fungal reproduction sexuality in fungi. Fungal nutrition; Carbon, Nitrogen, Vitamins and Minerals.

Pre-requisite: MCB 211 and PBB 213 (3 lectures, 1 practical/week)

PBB 418: PALEOBOTANY (2 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

The paleobotany era. Preservation of plant fossils. Origin of land flora. Polen: structure and function. Identification of fossils in preparation. Fossilization and adaptation: activities of paleontology, microfossils and preparation techniques for use of foraminifera. Application of paleobotany in systematic. Using microfossils in petroleum exploration (1 lecture, 1 practical/week).

PBB 419: CYTOGENETICS (2 CREDITS, FIRST SEMESTER)

An examination of the structure, function and behavior of eukaryotic chromosomes. Chromosomes number. Chromosomes structure and behavior. Laboratory methods in cytogenetics, current methods of fixing, staining and observation of polytene. Methods of observation of polytene chromosomes of some selected organisms/species.

Pre-requisite: PBB 224 (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 421: GENETICS (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Polyploidy: origin, significance and classification. Chromosomal mutations and aberration. Gene concept, Multiple allelism, Gene action and gene mutation. Polygenic inheritance. Extra-chromosomal inheritance. Population genetics. Human genetics.

Pre-requisite: PBB 224, PBB 313 (2 lectures, 1 practical/week).

PBB 423: LIMNOLOGY (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Introduction to limnology. Water as a medium. Physical and chemical environments of inland waters (rivers, lakes and springs). Water analysis. Types of lakes, rivers, springs. Water quality criteria and waste water. Water quality monitoring. Waster shed and water management.

PBB 427: PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PATHOLOGY (3 CREDITS, SECOND SEMESTER)

Concept of plant pathology. Causes of diseases, host-parasite relationship. Culture of fungi. Diagnostic features recognition and control of diseases of major importance.

Pre-requisite: PBB 327 (2 lectures, 1 practical/week)

View Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology